Marco Polo Timeline

Marco Polo Timeline

Marco Polo Timeline ( 1254-1324)
The life of this famous explorer and his travels to China
His birth, family and education
His work for the Kublai Khan
His time in prison which led to writing of his biography detailing his travels and explorations
One of the most famous of the early explorers
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Why was Marco Polo famous?
Marco Polo was famous for his travels to Cathay (China) and Persia and his work for the Kublai Khan. The life story and autobiography was called 'The Travels of Marco Polo' or 'Il Milione'.

   Short Biography of Marco Polo
Date of Birth: Born on September 15, 1254
Place of Birth : Venice
Parents: Father - Niccolo Polo
Uncle: Maffeo
  1254September 15: Marco Polo is born in Venice 
  1260His wealthy father and uncle, Nicolo and Maffeo Polo, set sail from Constantinople to the Crimea on a trading journey 
  1262Nicolo and Maffeo Polo receive an invitation to Cathay (China) to meet Kublai, the khan of all the Mongols 
  1267Kublai Khan sets up a new Chinese capital at Daidu  present day Beijing (Peking) 
  1269Nicolo and Maffeo Polo return to Venice 
  1271Marco Polo accompanies his father and uncle on a journey through the Holy Land, Persia and Tartary and  to the Empire of China 
  1274The travellers reach Cathay after a three year journey. Marco Polo arrives in the capital and his father and uncle renew their friendly acquaintance with the Kublai Khan and present him with papal letters. They were given important positions at his court. Marco Polo studied the Chinese language which he learnt to speak 
  1275Marco Polo is appointed as an envoy for the Kublai Khan and travels through China on his missions 
  1280'sMarco Polo travels through Asia working for the Kublai Khan and is eventually appointed as a governor of one of his cities 
  1292A marriage is arranged for the daughter of Kublai Khan, the Princess Cocachin, and the Polo's accompany the wedding party, consisting of a fleet of fourteen ships, to Persia.

Stops were made at Borneo, Sumatra, Ceylon and other places until the ships reach Persia
  1293The Polo's stay in Persia to celebrate the wedding and then head towards the Black Sea to make their way back to Venice 
  1294The Death of Kublai Khan 
  1295Marco Polo arrives in Venice with the finest collection of jewels ever seen

Venice is at war with Genoa
  1298Marco Polo was made a "gentlemen commander" of a Venetian galley

His ship joins in the battle of Kurzola and he is taken as a prisoner of war by the Genoese.

Whilst he is in prison he meets a writer called Rustichello of Pisa and dictated to him an account of his travels and experiences in China, Japan, and other Eastern countries
  1299Marco Polo is released as a prisoner of war in Genoa: at about this time,  
  1300Marco marries a Venetian lady called Donata and together they have three daughters called Belela, Fantina and Moreta 
  1307A copy of his book reaches France and Switzerland and Marco Polo becomes internationally famous 
  1324January: Marco Polo dies in Venice, he was almost 70 years old

Marco Polo was buried in the Church of San Lorenzo
Marco Polo Timeline

Marco Polo Timeline
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Marco Polo Timeline

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