Native American History Timeline

Native American History Timeline

Native American History Timeline
The famous people and events during the Native American History
The early cultures such as Woodland Clovis and Folsom Cultures
The impact of the Europeans
The Indian Wars and the famous battles, chiefs and leaders
Events of significance in Native American History

For comprehensive facts and information about major events refer to the History of Native American Indians.

History & Timelines Index
Timelines of Events
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Indian Wars Timeline

  15,000 B.C.Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age)
Hunter gatherer groups inhabit North America
  12000 BCMigrants arrive in the United States of America 
  9000 BCClovis Culture (named because of artefacts found at Blackwater Draw, Clovis, New Mexico 
  7500 BCFolsom Culture (named after artefacts found at Folsom, New Mexico 
  7500 BCEastern Woodland Culture begins 
  4000 BCCopper culture begins along the Great Lakes 
  2000 BCPecos Culture begins producing rock paintings 
  1100 BCAnasazi build cliff cities at Mesa Verde, Colorado 
  1700 BCMound Builders culture 
  250 BCBow and arrow weapon introduced 
  1000 ADWoodland Culture Period:
Adena Culture
Hopewell culture
  1000Mississippian Culture established - Cahokia is the capital 
  1492Christopher Columbus discovers America  
  1500The Europeans brought diseases such as typhoid, yellow fever, smallpox, measles and influenza to the indigenous population. Their numbers fell from 80 million to less than 1 million in less than 500 years 
  1513Alonzo de Pineda explores gulf Coast of America (Florida area) and encounters Calusa Indians 
  1524Giovanni Verrazano discovers New York Bay 
  1528Panfilo de Narvaez conquers Cuba and explores Florida and Alvar Cabeza de Vaca explores Texas, Arizona and New Mexico 
  1534:Jacques Cartier explores the Great Lakes and the the St. Lawrence River encountering the Native Americans of the region 
  1539Hernando de Soto explores south-eastern North America defeating resistance from Timucuan warriors, leading to the Napituca Massacre. 
  1540Francisco Vázquez de Coronado explores south-western North America and Mexico defeating Zuni Pueblo Indians. Later involved with fighting the Choctaws 
  1541Francisco Vásquez de Coronado explores Kansas and New Mexico which led to the Tiguex War 
  1542Cabrillo explores and discovers the Californian coast and the Californian Indians 
  1559Tristan de Luna explores North America 
  1563Francisco de Ibarra explores New Mexico 
  1576Sir Martin Frobisher explores Baffin Bay and the Hudson Strait 
  1584Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe (both in the service of Sir Walter Raleigh) explore the coast of North Carolina 
  1585Walter Raleigh receives the patent to explore and settle in North America. Walter Raleigh's fleet of seven vessels under Richard Grenville and Ralph Lane, with 108 men, reach Roanoke Island and the Virginia colony of Roanoke Island established 
  1598Juan de Archuleta explores Colorado 
  1607Captain John Smith explorer and founder of Jamestown 
  1609Henry Hudson explores North eastern North America including the Hudson River 
  1620Pocahontas marries John Rolfe 
  1614The Mayflower arrived at Plymouth to found first colony in New England 
  16221622-1624 The Powhatan Confederacy in Virginia between colonists and Native Indian Americans
First Indian uprising in an English colony (Virginia).
  1637The First Reservations were established by Puritans near New Haven, Connecticut 
  1638The Pequot War - The Pequots were defeated by the colonists led by John Underhill and John Mason allied with the Narragansetts and Mohegans. 
  16401640 - 1701 - The Beaver Wars, also known as the Iroquois Wars or the French and Iroquois Wars 
  16551655 - The Peach Tree War, The Susquehannock Nation and allied Native Americans on ssettlements around New Amsterdam 
  16751675 - 1677 King Philip's War so named after Metacomet of the Wampanoag tribe, who was called Philip by the English. 
  16801680-1692: The Pueblo Revolt occurred in New Mexico and Arizona between the Tuscarora Native Americans and the Spanish. 
  16891689 - 1763 The French and Indian War between France and Great Britain for the lands in the New World. The Iroquois Indians were allied to the French and the Algoquian tribes were alliedt o the British 
  17111711-1713: The Tuscarora War between the Tuscarora Native Americans and European settlers in Northern Carolina. The Tuscarora were defeated 
  1715The Yamasee War - The Yamasee against the white settlements in South Carolina 
  1722Iroquois surrender claims to land south of the Ohio River in addition to counties in the eastern panhandle 
  17561756 - 1763: The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba. 
  1763Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian War (1754-1763) 
  1764Pontiac's Rebellion in the Ohio River Valley. The Ottawa Chief Pontiac (1720-1769) led a rebellion against the British 
  1774December 16: The Boston Tea Party - Massachusetts patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians protest against the British Tea Act by dumping crates of tea into Boston Harbor. 
  1775Lord Dunmore's War in Southern Ohio in which Lord Dunmore, the Governor of Virginia sent 3000 solders who defeated the 1000 Native Indians 
  1776Chickamauga Wars (1776–1794) Cherokee involvement in the American Revolutionary War and continuing through late 1794 
  1785Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio. The Americans suffered 2 humiliating defeats by the Native Indians until they won the Battle of Fallen Timbers 
  1811Tecumseh's War - Battle of Tippecanoe (1811–1813). The Prophet, brother of Shawnee chief Tecumseh, attacked Indiana Territory but was defeated by the troops of William Henry Harrison 
  1811Creek War (1813–1814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia. The Creek Indians were defeated by American forces led by Andrew Jackson 
  1813Peoria War (1813) was conflict between the U. S. Army, settlers and the Native American tribes of the Potawatomi and the Kickapoo tribes in Illinois. 
  1812War of 1812 begins. 
  1817First Seminole War (1817–1818) erupted in Florida as the Seminole Indian tribe defended their lands and runaway slaves 
  1827Winnebago War (1827) in Wisconsin between the settlers and lead miners who were trespassing on their land and the Winnebago tribe. 
  1832Black Hawk War occurred in Northern Illinois and Southwestern Wisconsin by Sauk and Fox tribes led by Chief Black Hawk in an attempt to re-take their homeland
Department of Indian Affairs was established
  1835Creek Alabama Uprising (1835–1837) in Alabama and Georgia. It resulted in a defeat for the Creek forces and the removal of the Creek people from their native lands to the Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. 
  1835Second Seminole War (1835–1842) in the Florida everglade area. Under Chief Osceola 
  1837Osage Indian War (1837) with the Osage Indians in Missouri. 
  1838The Cherokee were the last of the Five Civilised Tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Seminal and Chickasaw) to take the enforced march on the tragic
Trail of Tears
  18491846 - 1863 The Navajo conflicts in New Mexico and Arizona 
  18541854 - 1890 The Sioux Wars in South Dakota, Minnesota and Wyoming led by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull 
  18551855 - 1856 Rogue River War in Oregon. Indian tribes were attacked in an attempt to start a war that would enable unemployed miners to work. Survivors were forced on to reservations 
  1855Third Seminole War (1855–1858) in the Florida everglade area. The Seminole led by Chief Billy Bowleg made their last stand 
  1862U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers 
  18611861 - 1900 Apache Wars in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas led by Geronimo and Cochise. Geronimo surrendered in 1886 but others carried on the fight until 1900 
  18651865 - 1869 Building of Union Pacific Railroad brings settlers to the Great Plains 
  18651865 1868 and in 1879: Ute Wars broke out in Utah due to Mormon settlers taking over their lands 
  18721872 - 1873 Madoc War in California and Oregon led by Captain Jack 
  1874Red River War in Northern Texas against the Arapaho, Comanche, Cheyenne and Kiowa tribes, 
  1876Battle of the Rosebud in Montana. Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne under Crazy Horse cut off reinforcements intended to help Custer at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. 
  1877Nez Perce War in Oregon, Montana and Idaho led by Chief Joseph 
  1887Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers 
  18901890 The Wounded Knee Massacre in South Dakota. Chief Big Foot led the last stand of  Sioux 
  1907Charles Curtis is the first American Indian elected to the U.S. Senate 
  1969All Indians declared citizens of U.S. 
  1969American Indian Movement (AIM) 
  1979American Indian Religious Freedom Act (Public Law 95-341 ) passed 
Native American History Timeline

West Virginia Timeline
Origin of the State name - Until 1861 West Virginia was originally part of the State of Virginia which was named to honor Queen Elizabeth I of England, referred to as the "Virgin Queen.". History Timelines of the United States of America provide fast facts and information about famous events in history, such as those detailed in the Native American History Timeline, precipitated a significant change in American State history. This historical timeline is suitable for students of all ages, children and kids. This major historical event of America is arranged in the Native American History Timeline by chronological, or date order, providing an actual sequence of this past event which was of significance to American State history. Many historical State events, such as detailed in the Native American History Timeline, occurred during times of crisis, evolution or change in the USA. Many of the famous American events as detailed in the Native American History Timeline of this State and describe famous, critical and major incidents in the history of the United States of America. The specific period in state history detailed in the Native American History Timeline led to great changes in the development of America. The West Virginia timeline provides fast information via the State timeline which highlights the key dates and major historical significance in a fast information format. Specific information can be seen at a glance with concise and accurate details of historical State events. The chronologies of famous people, places and events, including the Explorers, Pioneers, Native Indians, Settlers and Leaders in this famous American State are detailed in the Native American History Timeline.

Native American History Timeline

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Native American History Timeline for Students, Children & Kids

Timeline for children and kids - Native American History Timeline - Chronology - Time Line - Free - Chronology - Facts - Interesting - Info - Chronology - Information - Timeline for children and kids - Details - Time Line of West Virginia - Time Line of Places - Time Line of Events - Important - Accurate - Interesting Facts - Download - Printable Time line - Time Line - Record - Related Events - Chronology - Database - Key Dates - Key Dates - Native American History Timeline - Time Line - Key Events - Key Places - Historical Importance - Interesting Time Lines - Chronology - Timescale - Chronology - Chronologies - Chronicle - Chronology - Chronicles - Chronological record - Record - Era - Time Lines - Account - Historic period - Past - Time Lines - Past Times - Annals - Background - Ancient  - Medieval - Historical Record - Historic Life - Chronolgy - Native American History Timeline - Written By Linda Alchin
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