History of Medicine Timeline

History of Medicine Timeline

History of Medicine Timeline
The dates, people and medical history and advances
Blood transfusions, Bacteria, Blood cells and inoculations
The First vaccines
Sir Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
The first cardiac pacemaker and transplants
History & Timelines Index
Timelines of Events
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  2600 BCThe Egyptian Imhotep describes the diagnosis and treatment of 200 diseases 
  500 BCAlcmaeon of Croton distinguished veins from arteries 
  460 BC Birth of Hippocrates, the Greek father of medicine begins the scientific study of medicine and prescribes a form of aspirin 
  300 BCDiocles wrote the first known anatomy book 
  280 BCHerophilus studies the nervous system 
  130 ADBirth of Galen. Greek physician to gladiators and Roman emperors 
  c60ADPedanius Dioscorides writes De Materia Medica 
  910Persian physician Rhazes identifies smallpox 
  1010Avicenna writesThe Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine 
  1249Roger Bacon invents spectacles 
  1489Leonardo da Vinci dissects corpses 
  1543Vesalius publishes findings on human anatomy in De Fabrica Corporis Humani 
  1590Zacharius Jannssen invents the microscope 
  1628William Harvey publishes An Anatomical Study of the Motion of the Heart and of the Blood in Animals which forms the basis for future research on blood vessels, arteries and the heart 
  1656Sir Christopher Wren experiments with canine blood transfusions 
  1670Anton van Leeuwenhoek discovers blood cells 
  1683Anton van Leeuwenhoek observes bacteria. 
  1701Giacomo Pylarini gives the first smallpox inoculations 
  1747James Lind publishes his Treatise of the Scurvy stating that citrus fruits prevent scurvy 
  1763Claudius Aymand performs the first successful appendectomy 
  1796Edward Jenner develops the process of vaccination for smallpox, the first vaccine for any disease 
  1800Sir Humphry Davy discovers the anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide 
  1816Rene Laennec invents the stethoscope 
  1818James Blundell performs the first successful transfusion of human blood 
  1842Crawford W. Long uses ether as a general anesthetic 
  1844Dr. Horace Wells uses nitrous oxide as an anesthetic 
  1846William Morton, a dentist, is the first to publish the process of using anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide 
  1849Elizabeth Blackwell is the first woman to gain a medical degree from Geneva Medical College in New York 
  1847Ignaz Semmelweis discovers how to the prevent the transmission of puerperal fever 
  1853Charles Gabriel Pravaz and Alexander Wood develop the syringe 
  1857Louis Pasteur identifies germs as cause of disease 
  1867Joseph Lister develops the use of antiseptic surgical methods and publishes Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery 
  1870Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur establish the germ theory of disease 
  1879First vaccine developed for cholera 
  1881First vaccine developed for anthrax by Louis Pasteur 
  1882First vaccine for developed for rabies by Louis Pasteur

Koch discovers the TB bacillus
  1887First contact lenses developed 
  1890Emil von Behring discovers antioxins and develops tetanus and diphtheria vaccines 
  1895Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovers X rays 
  1896First vaccine developed for typhoid fever 
  1897First vaccine developed for Bubonic plague 
  1899Felix Hoffman develops aspirin 
  1901Karl Landsteiner introduces the system to classify blood into A, B, AB, and O groups 
  1913Dr. Paul Dudley White pioneers the use of the electrocardiograph - ECG 
  1921Edward Mellanby discovers that lack of vitamin D in the diet causes rickets

Earle Dickson Invented the Band-Aid
  1922Insulin first used to treat diabetes.  
  1923First vaccine developed for diphtheria. 
  1926First vaccine developed for whooping cough 
  1927First vaccine developed for tuberculosis

First vaccine developed for tetanus.
  1928 Sir Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin 
  1935First vaccine developed for yellow fever

Percy Lavon Julian synthesized the medicines physostigmine for glaucoma and cortisone for rheumatoid arthritis
  1937First vaccine developed for typhus

Bernard Fantus pioneers the use the first blood bank in Chicago
  1942Doctor Karl Theodore Dussik publishes the first paper on medical ultrasonics - ultrasound 
  1943Selman A. Waksman discovers the antibiotic streptomycin 
  1945First vaccine developed for influenza 
  1950John Hopps invented the first cardiac pacemaker 
  1952Paul Zoll develops the first cardiac pacemaker
Jonas Salk develops the first polio vaccine
Rosalind Franklin uses X-ray diffraction to study the structure of DNA
  1953James Watson and Francis Crick work on the structure of the DNA molecule 
  1954Gertrude Elion patented a leukemia-fighting drug
Dr. Joseph E. Murray performs the first kidney transplant
  1955Jonas Salk develops the first polio vaccine 
  1963Thomas Fogarty invented the balloon embolectomy catheter 
  1964First vaccine developed for measles. 
  1967First vaccine developed for mumps

Dr. Christiaan Barnard performs the first human heart transplant
  1970First vaccine developed for rubella 
  1974First vaccine developed for chicken pox 
  1975Robert S. Ledley invents CAT-Scans 
  1977First vaccine developed for pneumonia. 
  1978First test-tube baby is born

First vaccine developed for meningitis.
  1980Smallpox is eradicated 
  1981First vaccine developed for hepatitis B 
  1983HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified 
  1984Alec Jeffreys devises a genetic fingerprinting method 
  1985Willem J. Kolff invented the artificial kidney dialysis machine 
  1992First vaccine developed for hepatitis A. 
  1996Dolly the sheep becomes the first clone 
  2006First vaccine to target a cause of cancer 
History of Medicine Timeline

History of Medicine Timeline
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History of Medicine Timeline

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