Italian Immigration to America Timeline ***
 

Italian Immigration to America Timeline

Italian Immigration to America Timeline
The Italian History Timeline of Immigration to America provides a fast overview of the immigrants from Italy who helped to build America. The foundation of the United States of America was built upon the  skills and culture that the first immigrants from Italy brought with them. Italians did not begin to immigrate to the United States until the 1860's during the industrialization of America. They were driven by dire poverty caused by natural disasters and the ambition to succeed in opportunities offered by the country without the political corruption that existed in Italy. Italian-Americans now make up the nation's fifth largest ethnic group.  The History Timeline of Italian Immigration to America is extremely important and reflect important dates and events that prompted the emigration of people from Italy. The History Timeline of Italian Immigration to America includes important dates and events in the history of Italy that contributed to the push and pull factors which led to mass immigration from Italy.

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Italian Immigration to America Timeline
What were the reasons for Italian immigration to America and what was happening in Italy to prompt the drastic action of leaving home for an unknown life in America? The Italian Immigration to America Timeline provides dates and important events that provide the history of US immigration from Italy. Famous historical events include the wars in Italy and the dates of earthquakes and volcano eruptions, the establishment of the Ellis Island center and the Dillingham Commission report. The Italian Immigration to America Timeline highlights the Push and Pull factors of immigration such as political and religious persecution, wars that occured in Italy together with dates of any natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, diseases, crop failures and famine. The dates and types of religious and political conflicts and the natural disasters that afflicted Italy are highlighted in the Italian Immigration to America Timeline enabling kids and students to understand the history of immigration to the United States.

Italian Immigration to America Timeline
Between 1820 - 2000 Italian Immigration to America totalled 5 million. According to the US Bureau of the Census of 2011 a total of 17,558,598 Americans claimed to be solely or partially of Italian descent. Italian-Americans made a significant impact on the culture of Americans and the history of the United States as can be seen in the following timeline detailing these immigrants to America.  

Italian Immigration to America Timeline

    1855 The great famines of the 1840's had led to a sharp increase in immigration to the United States and the anti-Catholic Know Nothing Party emerged that wanted to limit or end the influence of Catholic immigrants. As Italy was a Roman Catholic country their reception in the United States was entirely welcoming.  
         
    1857 The Great Neapolitan Earthquake caused devastation in the Basilicata region of Italy killing over 30,000 people and resulting in the loss of thousands of homes. Italians started to look towards the United States for a safer and more stable future.  
         
    1866 Italy declared war on the Austrian Empire and by 1870, over 25,000 Italians had immigrated to the United States. At least one third made their home in New York City and the district became known as "Little Italy".  
         
    1860's Immigration was encouraged due to industrialization and the growth of industry and the railroads during the 1860's and thousands of Italians added to the increasing number of immigrants to the US.  
         
    1873 The Panic of 1873 led to the 6 year period called the 'Long Depression' that led to civil unrest and strikes and an increase in anti-immigrant sentiments.  
         
    1880 The nation recovered and immigration to the United States exploded in the 1880's and the US began to pass laws to restrict immigration. Between 1881 - 1890 5,246,613 immigrants gained entry to the United States. In the 1880's the number of Italian immigrants to the U.S. totaled 600,000.  
         
    1882 The Chinese Exclusion Act increases the demand for Italian agricultural labor but restrictions were placed on the number of migrants to the U.S.  
         
    1886 The Statue of Liberty was dedicated in New York Harbor, the welcome landmark for all immigrants from Italy  
         
    1891 The 1891 Immigration Act tightened the law and provided for the inspection and deportation of immigrants  
         
    1892 The Ellis Island immigration center was opened (1892 - 1954) where migrants from Europe were required to undertake to medical and legal inspections. The Ellis Island immigration center was a frightening ordeal for Italians entering the US, although less than 2% of immigrants from Italy were turned away.  
         
    1893 The Panic of 1893 led to a 4 year economic depression, high unemployment levels reaching 20% and a rise in prejudice and discrimination against migrants.  
         
    1906 Mount Vesuvius volcano erupted near Naples, killing nearly 1000 people and destroying homes and lands. Many Italians once again turned to the US as refugees.  
         
    1907 The 1907 Immigration Act was a reform law that was passed to restrict the number of immigrants. The Act also established the Dillingham Commission whose report led to further stringent and specific immigration restrictions.  
         
    1908 The disastrous Messina earthquake and tsunami, killed up to 200,000 people in Sicily and southern Italy.  
         
    1911 The Dillingham Commission report was published stating that "New Immigrants" from China, Asia and southern Europe (which included Italians) were inferior, uneducated and unskilled compared to "Old Immigrants" from Northern Europe. It went on to say that "New Immigrants" had failed to integrate with Americans. The Dillingham Commission report concluded that "New Immigrants" posed a serious threat to American society and that the numbers of immigrants should be greatly reduced.  
         
    1914 World War I (1914 - 1918) breaks out and immigration falls and Italy joins WWI on the side of the Allies  
         
    1915 An earthquake in Avezzano in central Italy kills 30,000 people  
         
    1921 The 1921 Emergency Quota Act used of percentage system to restrict the number of immigrants based on the country of origin  
         
    1924 The Immigration Act of 1924 (aka Johnson-Reed Act) restricted the number of immigrants even further  
         
    1925 Fascist leader Benito Mussolini seizes power in Italy and becomes the dictator of Italy  
         
    1929 The Great Depression (1929 - 1939) engulfed the United States, unemployment rose and immigration plummeted  
         
    1936 Mussolini and Hitler sign an agreement known as the Roman-Berlin Axis  
         
    1939 World War 2 breaks out. Italy conquers Albania and Mussolini sides with Hitler and Fascist Germany against the allies leading to anti-Italian sentiments in the US  
         
    1940 The 1940 Alien Registration Act required the registration and fingerprinting of adult aliens in the US.  
         
    1943 Italy surrenders to the Allies in WW II on 8 September 1943 and declares war on Germany on 13 October, 1943  
         
    1965 The Immigration and Nationality Act (Hart-Celler Law) abolished the nation-of-origin restrictions on immigrants.  
Italian Immigration to America Timeline

Italian Immigration to America Timeline: The History of Migration from Italy
The Italian Immigration to America Timeline provide a fast overview of key dates, events and people in the history of Italy that had a significant effects on the waves of immigration to America. Details of the first immigrants and settlers are all featured. Discover the important dates and  history of Italy that explain the reasons for immigration to the United States. The Italian Immigration to America Timeline details the sequence of related historical events which are arranged in a simple chronological order of dates. The Italian Immigration to America Timeline provides a fast understanding of relevant and key dates, events, people and places at a glance and the push and pull factors of immigration from Italy.

Italian Immigration to America Timeline

  • History Timeline of Italian Immigration to America and the first migrants from Italy
  • Chronologies, Key Names, Dates, People and Events with the History Timeline of Italian migration to America
  • Interesting dates and chronology of facts & history about Italy and the Timeline of Italian Immigration to America
  • Chronologies of key dates, facts and info about History Timeline of Italian emigration to America
  • Fast facts on Push and Pull Factors of immigration via the History Timeline of Italian Immigration to America
  • Important dates and events in Italy via the History Timeline of Italian Immigration to America
  • Key Dates and events in the Italian History Timeline of migration to America for kids and schools
 

Italian Immigration to America Timeline for Kids

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