German Immigration to America Timeline ***
 

German Immigration to America Timeline

German Immigration to America Timeline
The German History Timeline of Immigration to America provides a fast overview of the immigrants from Germany who helped to build America. Martin Luther initiated the Protestant Reformation in Germany and the majority of the country adhered to Lutheran Protestantism. The foundation of the United States of America was built upon the religion, ideals, skills and culture that the first immigrants from Germany brought with them. German Immigration to America in the 1700's constituted the one of the largest single immigrant groups during the colonial period. The History Timeline of German Immigration to America is therefore extremely important and reflect important dates and events that prompted the emigration of people from Germany. The History Timeline of German Immigration to America includes important dates and events in the history of Germany that contributed to the push and pull factors which led to mass immigration from Germany.

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German Immigration to America Timeline
What were the reasons for German immigration to America and what was happening in Germany to prompt the drastic action of leaving home for an unknown life in America? The German Immigration to America Timeline provides dates and important events that provide the history of US immigration from Germany. Famous historical events include the first settlers to arrive in the New World, the redemptioners, the Hessians, the Rappists and the Adelsverein. The German Immigration to America Timeline highlights the Push and Pull factors of immigration such as political and religious persecution, wars that occured in Germany together with dates of any natural disasters such as floods, plague, crop failures and famine. The dates and types of religious and political conflicts and the natural disasters that afflicted Germany are highlighted in the German Immigration to America Timeline enabling kids and students to understand the history of immigration to the United States.

German Immigration to America Timeline
Between 1820 - 2000 German Immigration to America totalled xx million. According to the US Bureau of the Census of 2000 a total of 24,509,692 Americans claimed to be solely or partially of German descent. German-Americans made a significant impact on the culture of Americans and the history of the United States as can be seen in the following timeline detailing these immigrants to America.  

German Immigration to America Timeline

    1517 Martin Luther initiated the Protestant Reformation in Germany and like many of the Northern European countries the new ideas replaced the Catholic religion. Protestant reform groups emerged including the Lutherans and Calvinists. Other smaller sects such as the Mennonites and Moravians also developed and many of these congregations immigrated to America.  
         
    1607 The first German American was Dr. Johannes Fleischer joined English colonists to establish the Jamestown settlement in the Virginia Colony  
         
    1620 Other Germans including sawyers, glassmakers and mineral experts joined the English colonists.  
         
    1669 Map-maker Johannes Lederer, aka John Lederer, was hired by Sir William Berkeley to explore the lands to the west of the Virginia colony. Johannes Lederer was the first to see the Allegheny Mountains.  
         
    1683 The first wave of 50 German immigrants were a radical wing of the Protestant Reformation called the Mennonites (Anabaptists). Their congregation led by Francis Daniel Pastorius purchased 43,000 acres of land and founded Germantown (aka Germanopolis) in Pennsylvania.  
         
    1700 The search for religious freedom and employment opportunities prompted other Germans to immigrate in the 1700's. Many poor Germans opted to sign contracts for 5- 7 years as indentured servants, called Redemptioners. 50 - 70% of Germans made their way to America as redemptioners settling in Pennsylvania and upstate New York. Between 1708 - 1760, war, poverty, hunger, and persecution drove 100,000 German immigrants ("Auswanderungs") to America.  
         
    1710 French Catholics were threatening to invade the Palatine region of Germany. Over 13,000 "Poor Palantines" fled to England and 3000 were given permission to settle in the colonies. The "Poor Palantines" agreed to work off their passage in the English settlements along the Hudson River.  
         
    1708 Over 250,000 people or 41% of the population of East Prussia died of starvation and disease during the famine of 1708-1711.  
         
    1710 More than 15,000 Germans immigrated to the English farming colonies of Pennsylvania and the Carolinas.  
         
    1721 French Roman Catholics tried to eradicate Protestant heresy in Upper Alsace and the Alsatians were forced to immigrate to escape religious persecution.  
         
    1731 Lutheran Protestants were expelled from Salzburg, Austria and emigrated to America founding the town of Ebenezer in Georgia.  
         
    1741 The Moravian religious Protestant sect were forced to flee their homes due to religious persecution. The Moravians established the towns of Bethlehem and Nazareth in Pennsylvania.  
         
    1775 Many of the settlers from Germany fought against British tyranny in the American War of Independence (1775–1783).  
         
    1775 The British hired 30,000 German soldiers, called Hessians, to fight against the American rebels. Many Hessian soldiers had been forced to serve in the military. Many were encouraged to desert and join the large German-American population. At the end of the Revolutionary War nearly 5000 Hessian soldiers made their home in the United States.  
         
    1790 According to the U.S. census of 1790 it is estimated Germans migrants constituted nearly 9% of the white population in the United States  
         
    1804 Johann Georg Rapp led a group of Separatists, called Rappists, to the United States. The Rappists had purchased 30,000 acres of land in Indiana where they founded a new settlement in Indiana.  
         
    1845 The great European famines of the 1840's hit Germany which suffered from serious crop failures including the potato blight (1845-1849) leading to dire poverty. This resulted in a  great wave of German migrants, the flow was halted by the outbreak of the American Civil War (1861 - 1865).  
         
    1842 The Adelsverein, spearheaded by Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels was an attempt to establish a new Germany in Texas and was the largest single migration of Germans to the United States. 6,000 immigrants from Germany settled in Texas.  
         
    1848 Political refugees called the Forty-Eighters immigrated to the United States following the failure of the revolutionists during the European Revolutions of 1848. Many of the Forty-Eighters settled in Galveston, Texas. The Forty-Eighters are credited with helping to developed the beer and wine making industries in the United States.  
         
    1873 The Panic of 1873 led to the 6 year period called the 'Long Depression' that led to riots, strikes and an increase in anti-immigrant sentiments.  
         
    1880 The nation recovered which led to an explosion of immigrants to the United States. Industries were booming due the Industrialization of America. During the 1880's nearly 1.5 million Germans left their homeland to settle in the United States. In 1882 about 250,000, the greatest number ever, entered the country.  
         
    1880 Between 1881 - 1890 5,246,613 immigrants gained entry to the United States and pressure mounted to pass restrictive immigration laws.  
         
    1891 The 1891 Immigration Act provided for the regulation of the inspection and deportation of immigrants.  
         
    1892 The Ellis Island immigration center (1892 - 1954) was opened in New York Harbor  where immigrants from Europe, including Germany, were required to undertake to medical and legal inspections. The Ellis Island immigration center was a frightening ordeal but preference was shown to the "Old Immigrants" and few Germans were turned away.  
         
    1893 The Panic of 1893 led to a four year economic depression, and unemployment levels reached 20% leading to a rise in prejudice and discrimination against immigrants.  
         
    1914 World War I (1914 - 1918) broke out leading to strong anti-German feelings in the United States  
         
    1917 Hunger and famine caused by the British blockade of Germany in WWI (1916–1917)  
         
    1921 The 1921 Emergency Quota Act used of percentage system to restrict the number of immigrants based on the country of origin  
         
    1924 The Immigration Act of 1924 (aka Johnson-Reed Act) restricted the number of immigrants even further  
         
    1929 The Great Depression (1929 - 1939) engulfed the United States, unemployment rose and immigration plummeted  
         
    1933 The Nazi party assumed power leading to a rise in German refugees fleeing to the United States.  
         
    1939 The outbreak of World War II (1939 - 1945) and strong anti-German sentiments swept through the US.  
         
    1940 The 1940 Alien Registration Act required the registration and fingerprinting of all ADULT aliens in the United States.  
         
    1940's The number of German immigrants decrease from this time, most immigrants are people wishing to join their family or friends in the US.  
         
    1965 The Immigration and Nationality Act (Hart-Celler Law) abolished the nation-of-origin restrictions on immigrants.  

German Immigration to America Timeline: The History of Migration from Germany
The German Immigration to America Timeline provide a fast overview of key dates, events and people in the history of Germany that had a significant effects on the waves of immigration to the United States. Details of the first immigrants and settlers are all featured. Discover the important dates and  history of Germany that explain the reasons for immigration to the United States. The German Immigration to America Timeline details the sequence of related historical events which are arranged in a simple chronological order of dates. The German Immigration to America Timeline provides a fast understanding of relevant and key dates, events, people and places at a glance and the push and pull factors of immigration from Germany.

German Immigration to America Timeline

  • History Timeline of German Immigration to America and the first migrants from Germany
  • Chronologies, Key Names, Dates, People and Events with the History Timeline of German migration to America
  • Interesting dates and chronology of facts & history about Germany and the Timeline of German Immigration to America
  • Chronologies of key dates, facts and info about History Timeline of German Emigration to America
  • Fast facts on Push and Pull Factors of immigration via the History Timeline of German Immigration to America
  • Important dates and events in Germany via the History Time line of German migration to America
  • Key Dates and events in the History Timeline of German migration to America for kids and schools
 

German Immigration to America Timeline for Kids

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