Iraq Timeline

Iraq Timeline
Important people, dates and events in Iraq
Mesopatamia, Baghdad and the Mongol invaders
When Iraq became independent
Saddam Hussein becomes the Iraqi President
The rise and fall of Saddam Hussein
Timelines Famous People
 
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  3500 BCMesopotamia, known as the world's first civilization, developed in South Eastern Iraq 
     
  539 BCMesopotamia was conquered by the Persians 
     
  332 BCAlexander the Great conquers the Persians  
     
  226 ADThe Persian Sassanid dynasty took control of Mesopotamia 
     
  126 BC The Greek rule ended when the Parthians established control of Iraq 
     
  633ADArab Muslims conquer the Sassanids and Iraq 
     
  750The Abbasids conquer the Islamic world. Baghdad was founded as the capital 
     
  1258Mesopatamia and its capital Baghdad falls to Mongol invaders led by the grandson of Genghis Khan. The Arab Empire was destroyed 
     
  1500sThe Ottoman Empire conquers the region 
     
  1700sThe Ottoman power in Mesopotamia begins to decline 
     
  1800s Great Britain becomes involved with Mesapotamia needing to protect their trade routes with India and the East 
     
  19141914-1918 World War I 
     
  1917British troops occupy Baghdad 
     
  1920The League of Nations give Great Britain a mandate to rule over Mesopotamia 
     
  1920The San Remo Peace Conference of Allied Powers. Mesopotamia is renamed Iraq 
     
  1921The British set up King Faisal I as the monarch and control the government 
     
  1925The League of Nations sets the border between Turkey and Iraq which places the Mosul region in Iraq rather than Turkey against the wishes of the Kurdish population 
     
  1932Iraq become independent 
     
  1937April 28 - Saddam Hussein was born 
     
  19391939-1945 World War 2 breaks out 
     
  19401940-1941 The Iraqi government allies with Germany, Italy and Japan seeking to rid Iraq of British power and influence 
     
  1941Great Britain defeat Iraq 
     
  1945End of 1939-1945 World War 2 and Iraq helps to form the Arab League 
     
  1948The Arab League declares war against the newly formed Israel 
     
  19501950-1952 Iraq signs agreements with foreign oil companies and receives 50% of the oil profits 
     
  1953Faisal II became king of Iraq 
     
  1950s Many Iraqis began to oppose the monarchy. They wanted a say in the government 
     
  1955Iraq signed the Baghdad Pact with Iran, Pakistan, and Turkey 
     
  1958Iraq becomes a republic during a military coup and the monarchy is killed 
     
  1972Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation signed between Iraq and the Soviet Union.
The country nationalises the Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC)
 
     
  1975Iraq and Iran sign a treaty ending border disputes 
     
  1979Saddam Hussein succeeds Al-Bakr as Iraqi President 
     
  19804 September: Iraq invades Iran starting the Iran-Iraq war 
     
  19817 June: Israel attacks an Iraqi nuclear research centre at Tuwaythah near Baghdad. 
     
  198816 March: Chemical attack on Kurds  Iraq believed to have used chemical weapons against the Kurdish town of Halabjah 
     
  19902 August: Iraq invades Kuwait
United Nations Security Council imposes economic sanctions on Iraq
8 August: Iraq announces the merger of Iraq and Kuwait
 
     
  199117 January: A coalition of 39 countries begin bombing Iraq starting the Persian Gulf War
The aerial bombing of Iraq is called "Operation Desert Storm"
27 February:  The liberation of Kuwait
3 March - Iraq accepts the terms of a ceasefire
 
     
  199226 August: A no-fly zone banning Iraqi planes set up in southern Iraq 
     
  199327 June - US launch cruise missile attack on Iraqi intelligence headquarters in Baghdad 
     
  199429 May - Saddam Hussein becomes prime minister of Iraq 
     
  199514 April - UNSC agree to allow the partial resumption of oil exports to buy food and medicine called the "oil-for-food programme" - implemented December 1996 
     
  199515 October - Referendum allows Saddam Hussein to remain president for another seven years. 
     
  199631 August: Iraqi forces launch offensive into northern no-fly zone and capture Irbil.
3 September: US extends northern limit of no-fly zone to latitude to the south of Baghdad.
 
     
  199831 October - Iraq ends cooperation with UN Special Commission to Oversee the Destruction of Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction (Unscom).
16-19 December: Operation Desert Fox - US and UK forces launch a bombing campaign, to destroy Iraq's nuclear, chemical and biological weapons programmes
 
     
  2002September: Weapons inspectors return  
     
  200317 March Saddam Hussein given 48 hours to leave Iraq or face war
20 March: American missiles hit targets in Baghdad and US and British ground troops enter Iraq
9 April 2003: Baghdad and the power of Saddam Hussein crumbles and the US lists 55 most-wanted members of former regime which is issued as packs of cards
July: Saddam's sons Uday and Qusay killed in gun battle in Mosul
14 December: Saddam Hussein captured in Tikrit.
 
     
  2004Fighting continues
US hands sovereignty to interim government headed by Prime Minister Iyad Allawi
Saddam Hussein transferred to Iraqi legal custody
 
     
  2005Elections: The Shia United Iraqi Alliance win a majority
Parliament appoints the Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani as president and Ibrahim Jaafari, a Shia, is named as prime minister
October: Saddam Hussein goes on trial
 
     
  20067 June: The Al-Qaeda leader in Iraq, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, is killed 
     
Iraq Timeline

Iraq Timeline
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Iraq Timeline

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