Timeline of Germany

Timeline of Germany
Important German people, dates and events
Martin Luther initiates the Reformation
Franco-Prussian War
The National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazis) led by Adolf Hitler
WW1 and WW2
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   Bronze Age, Iron Age and Dark Ages - The ancient culture of the Celts had settled in many European countries including France
As a Nation State, the united country of Germany did not exist until 1871 and prior to this was made up of individual territories
 
     
  768768-814 - Charlemagne rules as King of the Franks and is crowned as Holy Roman Emperor  
     
  870Formation of the duchies of Franconia, Saxony, Bavaria and Lorraine 
     
  919919 - 1024 The Saxon dynasty rule Germany 
     
  10241024-1255 - The Salian dynasty rules the Germans 
     
  1099First Crusade ( The People's Crusade). Jerusalem is re-taken from the Muslims on the urging of Pope Urban II. 1st Crusade led by Count Raymond IV of Toulouse and proclaimed by many wandering preachers, notably Peter the Hermit 
     
  1118The Knights Templar founded to protect Jerusalem and European pilgrims on their journey to the city 
     
  11381138 -1254 - The Hohenstaufen dynasty 
     
  1147Second Crusade led by Holy Roman Emperor Conrad III and by King Louis VII of France 
     
  1190Third Crusade 3rd Crusade led by Richard the Lionheart of England, Philip II of France, and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I. Saladin manages to unite the Muslim world and recapture Jerusalem, sparking the fourth Crusade 
     
  1200Fourth Crusade and the French/Flemish advanced on Constantinople but the Christians fail to recapture Jerusalem 
     
  1212The Children's Crusade led by a French peasant boy, Stephen of Cloyes 
     
  1270Other crusades follow including the eighth crusade led by Louis IX of France - but the armies still fail to capture Jerusalem 
     
  1273Rudolf of Hapsburg crowned king of the Germans 
     
  1348The Black Death ravages Europe for the first of many times. An estimated one third of the population  is thought to have perished within the first year 
     
  1499Switzerland breaks away from the German empire 
     
  1517Martin Luther initiates the Reformation 
     
  15461546-1547: Emperor Charles V defeats the Protestant princes and allies 
     
  1555The Peace of Augsburg where the princes determine the religion of their territories 
     
  16181618 - 1648: The Thirty Years War ending with the Peace of Westphalia 
     
  1701Frederick crowned the first king of Prussia 
     
  17401740 - 1748:  The War of Austrian Succession 
     
  1806The Confederation of the Rhine was established by Napoleon Bonaparte 
     
  1806Prussia declared war on France and was defeated by Napoleon Bonaparte 
     
  1813The Prussians helped defeat Napoleon Bonaparte at Leipzig 
     
  18141814-1815: Congress of Vienna establishes the German Confederation of 39 independent German states 
     
  1815Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo 
     
  1862Otto von Bismarck appointed prime minister of Prussia 
     
  1870Franco-Prussian War 
     
  1871January: Germany captures Paris 
     
  187118 January: Wilhelm I was crowned the first Kaiser of the German Empire uniting all of the German states 
     
  191428 June - Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife were assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina provoking World War I
August: Germany declares war on Russia and France. The United Kingdom declares war on Germany
 
     
  19189 November: Germany was declared a republic 
     
  191811 November: The Treaty of Versailles ends World War I and the Rhineland was placed under Allied occupation for 15 years 
     
  191919 January: A national assembly meets in Weimar to write a new German Constitution - called the Weimar Republic 
     
  1923The National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazis) attempt an unsuccessful armed rebellion led by Adolf Hitler 
     
  1933Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as the chancellor and Nazi Germany begin persecuting Jews 
     
  1934Adolf Hitler declared himself der Fuhrer. The Nazi German government is called the Third Reich 
     
  193810 April: Germany annexes Austria  
     
  193916 March: Germany occupies Czechoslovakia 
     
  19391 September: Germany invades Poland starting World War 2 
     
  1940Germany captures Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Luxembourg. The Allies including Russia, UK and USA retaliate 
     
  194530 April: Adolf Hitler commits suicide
August: The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
7 May: Germany surrenders
June: Germany divided into four zones of military occupation (United States, the United Kingdom, France, and the Soviet Union)
 
     
  1949May: The Allies approve a constitution for western Germany (Federal Republic of Germany) and East Germany adopts a Communist-prepared constitution
October  - The German Democratic Republic was formed (East Germany)
 
     
  19555 May: West Germany obtains independence 
     
  1961August: The Berlin Wall was built 
     
  19899 November: The Berlin Wall demolished and Communist East Germans were able to travel to the West of Germany 
     
  19903 October  - East and West Germany was reunited. 
     
Timeline of Germany

Timeline of Germany
The History Timeline of Places, including the Timeline of Germany, provides fast facts and information about this famous place with its history and the most important events of the country detailed together with related historical events which arranged in chronological, or date, order providing an actual sequence of events in the Timeline of Germany. The Timeline of Germany provides fast information via this time line which highlights the key dates and events of the famous place in a fast information format with concise and accurate facts and information in the order of their occurrence. The Timeline of Germany includes a chronology of this important place and its history. Specific information can be seen at a glance with concise and accurate details via the Timeline of Germany. This History timeline of a famous place is suitable for children and kids and include many important events of significant occurrence and outcome which are detailed in the Timeline of Germany.

Timeline of Germany

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Timeline of Germany

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Timeline of GermanyTimeline of Germany