England History Timeline

England History Timeline
Important English people, dates and events
Roman Invasion - Boadicea and the Iceni
The Kings of England and the Norman Invasion
When the Magna Carta was signed
The Wars of the Roses and the English Civil War
Timelines Famous People
History & Timelines Index
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    55 BC Julius Caesar heads first Roman Invasion but later withdraws  
    0 Birth of Jesus Christ  
    33AD Crucifixion of Jesus in the Roman province of Jerusalem and the origin of Christianity  
    43AD The Romans built a fort, in the walled city they called Londinium  
    61AD Boadicea leads the Iceni but defeated by the Romans  
    122 122 - 128 Emperor Hadrian orders the building of Hadrians wall on the Border between Scotland and England  
    486 486 - 870 The Dark Ages are dominated by increasing English trade links with the continent and raids from the German Saxons and the Vikings. The English inhabitants were referred to as the Anglo-Saxons and ruled by different tribes and rulers  
    871 871-899 King Alfred the Great starts the Wessex line of Kings of England  
    899 899-924 Edward the Elder (son of Alfred)  
    924 924-939 Aethelstan (first son of Edward the Elder)  
    939 939-946 Edmund I (second son of Edward the Elder)  
    946 946-955 Eadred (third son of Edward the Elder)  
    955 955-959 Edwig (first son of Edmund I)  
    959 959-975 Edgar (second son of Edmund I)  
    975 975-978 Edward the Martyr (first son of Edgar)  
    978 978-1016 Ethelred the Unready (second son of Edgar)  
    1016 Edmund Ironside takes the crown but assassinated I month later  
    1016 1016-1035 - Danish under King Canute rule England  
    1042 House of Wessex is Restored under Edward, the Confessor (1042-1066)  
    1066 Harold Godwinson claims the crown  
    1066 1066 - The Battle of Hastings - William, Duke of Normandy crowned King of England (William I). Between 1066-1087 the Norman line rule the English  
    1086 Compilation of the Doomsday book  
    1087 1087-1100 The reign of King William Rufus (son of William). William invades Wales and builds castles on the borders  
    1100 1100-1135 The reign of King Henry I (William Rufus brother)  
    1135 1135-1154 The reign of King Stephen (nephew of Henry I)  
    1099 First Crusade. Jerusalem is re-taken from the Muslims on the urging of Pope Urban II  
    1118 The Knights Templar founded to protect Jerusalem and European pilgrims on their journey to the city  
    1147 Second Crusade  
    1154 1154 - 1399 - The Plantagenet Kings of England (Angevin Line). 1154-1189 The reign of King Henry II (grandson of Henry I)  
    1170 Thomas Becket is murdered in Canterbury Cathedral  
    1189 1189-1199 The reign of King Richard I ( Richard the Lionheart (third son of Henry II)  
    1190 Third Crusade. Saladin manages to unite the Muslim world and recapture Jerusalem, sparking the Third Crusade  
    1199 1199-1216 The reign of King John (fifth son of Henry II and brother of King Richard)  
    1200 Fourth Crusade  
    1214 1214 -1215: Barons revolt  
    1215 Magna Carta is signed  
    1216 1216-1272 The reign of King Henry III (son of John)  
    1258 Provisions of Oxford forced upon Henry III of England, establishing a new form of government limited regal authority  
    1272 1272-1307 The reign of King Edward I (son of Henry III)  
    1297 William Wallace emerges as the leader of the Scottish resistance to England  
    1307 1307-1327 The reign of King Edward II (son of Edward I)  
    1307 The Knights Templar are rounded up and murdered by Philip the Fair of France, with the backing of the Pope  
    1311 1311-1315: The Great Famine  
    1327 1327-1377 The reign of King Edward III (son of Edward II)  
    1337 The Hundred Years War begins. England and France struggle for dominance of Western Europe  
    1346 The Battle of Crecy  
    1347 The Black Death ravages Europe for the first of many times. An estimated one third of the population is thought to have perished within the first year  
    1356 Battle of Poitiers  
    1377 1377-1399 The reign of King Richard II (grandson of Edward III, son of the Black Prince)  
    1380 Geoffrey Chaucer begins to write the Canterbury Tales  
    1381 Peasants Revolt  
    1382 The Bible is translated into English by John Wycliffe  
    1399 John of Gaunt dies and King Richard seized his lands. Gaunt's son, Henry Bolingbroke invaded England, whilst Richard was on campaign in Ireland, usurping the throne from the king  
    1399 October: King Richard II was condemned as a tyrant. He renounced the crown and Henry IV was proclaimed King the next day  
    1399 1399-1413 The reign of King Henry IV (grandson of Edward III, son of John of Gaunt) Henry IV died suffering from leprosy and epilepsy  
    1413 1413-1422 The reign of King Henry V (son of Henry IV).  
    1415 Battle of Agincourt  
    1422 1422-1461 The reign of King Henry VI (son of Henry V)  
    1429 Joan of Arc lifts the siege of Orleans for the Dauphin of France, enabling him to eventually be crowned at Reims  
    1430 Capture, trial, and execution of Joan of Arc  
    1434 The Medici family rises to prominence in Florence  
    1453 The Hundred Years War ends. Calais is the only English possession on Continental Europe  
    1455 Johann Gutenberg prints the first of his Bibles on his new printing press  
    1455 The Wars of the Roses begin in England  
    1461 1461-1483 The reign of King Edward IV ( youngest son of Edward III). Edward IV was a notorious womaniser - his affairs led to claims of illegitimacy and ultimately led to the murder of his sons - the Princes in the Tower  
    1483 1483-1485 The reign of King Richard III (uncle of Edward V)  
    1485 August 22nd: A Lancastrian rebellion rose against the Yorkist Richard and on he fell in the Battle of Bosworth Field to Henry Tudor. The Wars of the Roses ends and the Tudor dynasty begins 1485 - 1603 - The Tudors  
    1485 1485 - 1509 Henry Tudor becomes King Henry VII (grandson of Henry V)
He cemented his succession and settled the friction between the Yorkists and Lancastrians by marrying the Yorkist heir, Elizabeth of York
    1487 Lambert Simnel (1475–1525) imposter and pretender to the English throne was defeated at the battle of Stoke  
    1499 1499 Perkin Warbeck, who claimed to be one of the Princes in the Tower (Richard) was interrogated and executed at the Tower of London  
    1509 1509 - 1547 Reign of King Henry VIII  
    1509 King Henry VIII marries Katherine of Aragon  
    1533 Henry divorced his first wife, Katherine of Aragon  
    1534 Henry VIII broke with the Church in Rome with the Act of Supremacy, which made the king head of the Church of England  
    1535 Sir Thomas Moore and Bishop Fisher of Rochester were executed for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the English Church  
    1533 January 25th: Henry married Anne Boleyn  
    1536 May 15th: Anne Boleyn tried for treason, adultery and incest and executed on Tower Hill on May 19th  
    1536 30 May: Jane Seymour and Henry VIII but Jane dies a premature death after giving birth to Henry's son  
    1540 Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves but the marriage is annulled. On July 28th 49 year old Henry married 19 year old Catherine Howard  
    1542 13th February: Catherine Howard executed for adultery  
    1543 12th July Henry married Katherine Parr  
    1547 1547 - 1553 King Henry VIII died and Edward V (Henry's son by Jane Seymour) becomes king  
    1553 Edward dies of tuberculosis and he left the throne to 'the Lady Jane and her heirs male.'  
    1553 Monday 10 July: Lady Jane Grey (Queen for just Nine Days) on 19th July 1553 Queen Jane was deposed as Queen  
    1553 1553 - 1558 Mary (Henry's daughter by Queen Katherine of Aragon) becomes Queen. She is referred to as 'Bloody Mary' for her persecution of Protestants and political rivals  
    1558 1558 - 1603 Elizabeth I (Henry's daughter by Anne Boleyn)  
    1603 1603 - 1625 James I of England James VI of Scotland (great-great-grandson of Henry VII)  
    1625 1625 - 1649 Charles I (second son of James)  
    1642 Civil war broke out between King and parliament.  
    1649 30th January: Charles was beheaded on a scaffold outside the Banqueting House in Whitehall, London  
    1649 1649 - 1659 The Commonwealth under the Cromwell family  
    1660 1660 - 1685 Charles II (oldest son of Charles) Royal House of Stuart Restored  
    1685 1685 - 1688 James II (brother of Charles II)  
    1688 The Catholic James was deposed and replaced by by his Protestant daughter and son-in-law, Mary II and William III, who became joint Sovereigns  
    1689 1689 - 1694 William and Mary - William of Orange (grandson of Charles I) and Mary (daughter of James II)  
    1690 Battle of Boyne The deposed James made one attempt to regain the crown, but his French and Irish forces were soundly defeated at the Battle of Boyne  
    1694 1694 - 1702 William of Orange ruled alone after Mary's death  
    1702 1702 - 1714 Anne (sister of Mary)  
    1714 1714 - 1727 George I (great-grandson of James I)  
    1727 1727 - 1760 George II (son of George I)  
    1760 1760 - 1820 George III (grandson of George II)  
    1820 1820 - 1830 George IV (son of George III)  
    1830 1830 - 1837 William IV (brother of George IV)  
    1837 1837 - 1901 Victoria (niece of William IV)  
    1901 1901 - 1910 Edward VII (son of Victoria and Albert)  
    1910 1910 - 1936 George V (second son of Edward VII)  
    1914 1914 - 1918 The First World War  
    1936 1936 Edward VIII (son of George V) The abdication of King Edward VIII following his affair with Wallis Simpson  
    1936 1936 - 1952 George VI (second son of George V)  
    1939 1939 - 1945 The Second World War  
    1952 1952 - Present day Elizabeth II (daughter of George VI)  
England History Timeline

England History Timeline
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England History Timeline

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England History Timeline for Students, Children & Kids

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