| || ||Short Biography of Anne Frank|
Date of Birth: Born on June 12, 1929
Place of Birth : Frankfurt am Main
Parents: Father - Otto Frank
Mother: Edith Holländer
|1929||The Anne Frank timeline starts on June 12, 1929 when Annelies Marie "Anne" Frank is born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany to Otto Frank and Edith Holländer. Margot Frank (1926–1945) was older her sister|
|1933||January 30: Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany and the first anti-Jewish laws are established|
March 12: The First Concentration Camp opened at Oranienburg outside Berlin.
April : Nazi Boycott of Jewish owned shops.
June: Nazis open Dachau concentration camp
Otto and Edith Frank realise that they need to leave Germany and make plans to go to Holland. Edith and the children first go to to Aachen, Germany where they stay with Edith's mother, Rosa Holländer
Otto and Edith Frank receives an offer to work in Amsterdam
|1934||January: Otto Frank begins working at the Opekta Worksand finds an apartment on the Merwedeplein (Merwede Square) in Amsterdam|
February: Edith, Margot and Anne leave Germany and join Otto in Amsterdam
February: Anne Frank enrols in a Montessori school in Amsterdam.
August 19: Adolf Hitler becomes Fuhrer of Germany.
|1935||September 15: Germany passes the Nuremburg Race Laws that deprive German Jews of their citizenship, their businesses, and their right to education|
|1936||March 7: German troops occupy the Rhineland|
|1938||July: The United States and 32 other countries meet to discuss the growing Jewish refugee crisis but no country offers to take in Jewish refugees|
November 9/10: Kristallnacht- The Night of Broken Glass when German citizens loot and burn 7000 Jewish businesses, homes, and synagogues. 30,000 Jews are arrested and sent to concentration camps
Otto Frank starts a second company in partnership with Hermann van Pels, a Jewish butcher, who had also fled from Germany with his family
|1939||September 1: Germany invades Poland|
September 3: Britain, France, Austria and New Zealand declare War on Germany starting World War 2
Edith Frank's mother, Rosa Holländer, came to live with the Franks
|1940||May 10: The Germans invade and occupy the Netherlands|
The Germans ordered that Jewish children could attend only Jewish schools so Anne Frank and her sister were enrolled at the Jewish Lyceum
|1941||January 8: Dutch Jews are forbidden access to movie theaters or use public transport preventing Anne Frank from enjoying her favorite pastime|
April 1941: All Dutch Jews are forced to wear yellow stars.
December: The Japanese attack Pearl Harbour and war is declared on the US.
|1942||January: Edith's mother, Rosa Holländer dies|
June 12: Anne receives an autograph book from her father for her birthday and Anne Frank decides to use it as a diary
July 5: Anne's older sister is ordered to report for relocation to a labor camp
July 6: The Frank family go into hiding in Amsterdam because of Margot's deportation order. Otto Frank leaves a note hinting that the family were going to Switzerland and they behave as if they are going on a journey. The Diary of Anne Frank records that she has to leave behind her cat called Moortje. The Frank family move into rooms above and behind the company's premises in a street along one of Amsterdam's canals. Some trusted employees of Otto Frank offer to help them. The Dutch word for the rear part of a house, used in the Diary of Anne Frank, translates as the "Secret Annex" in English.
July 13: Hermann van Pels (also known as Van Daan), the partner of Otto Frank, together with Auguste and 16-year-old Peter van Pels, join the Frank family in the 'secret annex'.
November 16: Fritz Pfeffer, a dentist and friend of the family, joins the annex.
|1943||February: The Germans surrender in the battle of Stalingrad and Germany starts retreating. |
|1944||August 1: The final entry is made in the diary of Anne Frank|
August 4: The 'secret annex' was stormed by the German Security Police following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified. All of the residents of the annex are arrested and taken to the Gestapo headquarters where they were interrogated and held overnight.
August 5: They were all sent to an overcrowded prison on the Weteringschans where they stayed for two nights
August 7: They were then sent to Westerbork transit camp and assigned to the Punishment Barracks for hard labor as they were considered to be criminals as they were found in hiding
September 3: They are all sent in a cattle car to Auschwitz. Once there, the men are separated from the women.
October 28: Anne and Margot are transported to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
|1945||January 6: Anne's mother, Edith Frank dies of starvation at Auschwitz|
January 27: The Russian Allies liberate the remaining survivors in Auschwitz, including Otto Frank.
March : Margot Frank diee of typhus in Bergen-Belson
March 1945: Anne Frank dies of typhus in Bergen-Belson
June 3: Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam, not knowing whether his family are still alive
October 24: Otto Frank receives word that Anne and Margot died at Bergen-Belsen. His loyal friend Miep gives him the diary written by Anne Frank that she found in the annex after the family was arrested.
Jan 6, 1945 - Edith Frank dies of starvation in Auschwitz.
Jan 7, 1945 - Auschwitz is liberated. Otto Frank is the only survivor from the annex.
March 1945 - Margot dies of typhus in Bergen-Belsen.
April 1945 - Anne dies of typhus in Bergen-Belsen. The camp was liberated by British troops on April 15
April 30: Hitler commits suicide with his wife of two days, Eva Braun, their bodies are believed to have been cremated.
May 8: Germany surrenders to end World War II in Europe
|1947||Anne's diary, Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl is published in Amsterdam.|
|1952||June 16: The diary of Anne Frank is published in the United States|
|1957||May 3: Otto Frank and others establish the Anne Frank Foundation|
|1959||Otto Frank sues former Hitler youth member called Lothar Stielau, who publishes a school paper stating Anne's diary is a forgery|
|1960||May 3: The Anne Frank House is opened in Amsterdam|
The court declares the The diary of Anne Frank to be genuine and Lothar Stielau retracts his statements
|1963||Otto Frank establish a charitable foundation in Basel, Switzerland called Anne Frank Fonds|
|1976||Otto Frank sues Heinz Roth of Frankfurt for publishing pamphlets stating that Anne's diary was a forgery. The judge rules that Roth will be fined and sentenced to six months' in jail if he does not cease and desist|
|1986||The Netherlands Institute for War Documentation commissions a forensic analysis of the diary which reveals that the diary is authentic and that the ink used was available during the time the diary was written|
|1990||March 23: The Hamburg Regional Court confirms the diary's authenticity.|