Rosa Parks Timeline

Rosa Parks Timeline ( 1913 - 2005 )
The dates relating to the life of this famous black American woman
Her family and education in Alabama
Famous as a civil rights activist
Her bus ride and arrest
Her awards and honors
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Why was Rosa Parks famous?
Rosa Parks was famous as the African American civil rights activist who was later called "Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement" by the U.S. Congress.

   Short Biography of Rosa Parks
Date of Birth: Born on February 4, 1913
Place of Birth : Tuskegee, Alabama
Parents: Father - James McCauley, a carpenter
             Mother: Leona McCauley, a teacher
Background Facts, Information & Ancestry : Rosa Parks was of African-American, Cherokee-Creek and Scots-Irish ancestrySegregation and Civil Rights Background Facts:
1875: Civil Rights Act of 1875
Under Amendment XIV, Congress passes a law that makes racial discrimination in public accommodations illegal.
1883: Civil Rights Act overturned. The Supreme Court declared the Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional and that the Fourteenth Amendment forbids States, but not citizens, from discriminating
1896: Plessy v. Ferguson case upheld a Louisiana law that required whites and blacks to occupy separate railroad cars. Established "separate but equal" doctrine.
Segregation of public transportation. Tennessee segregated railroad cars, followed by Florida (1887), Mississippi (1888), Texas (1889), Louisiana (1890), Alabama, Kentucky, Arkansas, and Georgia (1891), South Carolina (1898), North Carolina (1899), Virginia (1900), Maryland (1904), and Oklahoma (1907)
 
     
  1913This Rosa Parks timeline starts on February 4, 1913 when Rosa Louise McCauley was born in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her parents were James McCauley, a carpenter and Schoolteacher Leona McCauley 
     
  1915August 20: Her brother, Sylvester McCauley was born 
     
  1917The family moved from Tuskegee to Pine Level, Alabama 
     
  1919Rosa received some of her education at home and also attended the rural school in Pine Level 
     
  1924Rosa is enrolled in Montgomery Industrial School for Girls (Miss White's School for Girls), a private institution 
     
  19281928: She attends Booker T. Washington High School for ninth grade, but drops out when her grand mother becomes seriously ill and subsequently dies 
     
  1929For 10th and 11th grades, she attends Alabama State Teachers College for Negroes. 
     
  1932December 18: Marries Raymond Parks, a barber, at 19.  
     
  1934Receives her high school diploma with the help and encouragement of her husband Raymond Parks 
     
  19341935: Baltimore Court rules Donald Murray must be admitted to white law school 
     
  1939WW2 begins 
     
  194312 years before her famous stand Rosa Parks bravely refuses to give up her seat and is ejected from a racially segregated bus. She then tries to register to vote and is denied. She becomes secretary of the Montgomery NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, an organization formed to promote use of the courts to restore the legal rights of black Americans) 
     
  1945WW2 ends
Rosa Parks finally receives certificate for voting after three attempts
 
     
  1946June 3: The U.S. Supreme Court banned segregation in interstate bus travel
Aug 10: Race riots occur in Athens, Alabama
September 29: Race riots erupt in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
December 5: The National Committee on Civil Rights is created by President Harry Truman to investigate racism in America
 
     
  1947April 9: "Freedom Riders" tested the laws of interstate bus travel in the segregated South
April 15: Jackie Robinson became the first African-American to play major league baseball for the Brooklyn Dodgers
Committee on Civil Rights under President Truman condemn racial injustices towards Blacks in America in a report dated October 29, 1947, entitled "To Secure These Rights."
 
     
  1949Rosa and her husband Raymond work with Montgomery branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP's) programs. Rosa Parks acts as secretary and later a youth leader 
     
  1954May 17: U.S Supreme Court rules that racial segregation in the public schools of America was unconstitutional 
     
  1955May 31: U.S. Supreme Court orders desegregation of the public schools "with all deliberate speed"
August: Rosa Parks meets Martin Luther King
August 28: Emmett Till, age 14, was tortured and lynched in Money, Mississippi
November 25: The Interstate Commerce Commission bans segregation in buses and all waiting rooms involved in interstate travel
December 1: Rosa Parks is arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for refusing to give her seat on the bus to a white passenger. She is arrested, fingerprinted, jailed by police and fined $14.
December 5: She stands trial and is found guilty of breaking the segregation laws.
December 5: Martin Luther King becomes the president of the Montgomery Improvement Association which was organised due to protest against the incident involving Rosa Parks and the Montgomery bus boycott begins which will last 381 days.
 
     
  1956January: Rosa Parks loses her job as a seamstress at Montgomery Fair
December 21: The Montgomery buses are desegregated and black passengers could legally take any seat on the city's buses
 
     
  19571957: Rosa Parks, her husband and mother move to Detroit where she works as a seamstress
Rosa then leaves to work at Virginia University in Hampton
January – The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) is formed to form a strategy for ending segregation, and Martin Luther King is elected president.
September 9: Congress of the United States passes the Civil Rights Act of 1957
September 24/25: President Eisenhower sent in federal troops to enforce integration of schools in Little Rock. Nine black students were escorted into the school by court order
 
     
  1958September 20: Dr. Martin Luther King is stabbed by a woman while at a book signing in a department store in Harlem, New York 
     
  1959Rosa Parks returns to Detroit 
     
  1960May 6: President Eisenhower signs the Civil Rights Act of 1960 into law 
     
  1961May 4: An integrated group of 'Freedom Riders' left Washington, DC on Greyhound buses, and, upon arrival near Anniston, Alabama, the bus was burned, and the riders were beaten
October 16: Martin Luther King meets with President Kennedy to gain his support for the civil rights movement.
December 16: Dr. King and other protesters are arrested in Albany, Georgia

Rosa Parks helps a friend open sewing factory on the west-side of Detroit
 
     
  1962September 30: Riots break out on the campus at the University of Mississippi 
     
  1963April 3: Birmingham, Alabama police chief, Eugene "Bull" Connor, becomes a symbol of racism when he broadcasts his methods of using dogs and fire hoses to stop peaceful demonstrators of the Black protest movement
June 11: Governor George Wallace stands in the door of the University of Alabama, refusing the entrance of Black students
June 12: Civil Rights Leader Medgar Evers was assassinated in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi
August 28: Martin Luther King meets with President John F. Kennedy and after their meeting Dr. King delivers his famous "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to a crowd estimated at 250,000 at the Marched on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Rosa Parks is one of the many in the crowd.
Rosa Parks speaks at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
November 22: President John F. Kennedy is assassinated
 
     
  1964June 11: Martin Luther King is arrested in St. Augustine, Florida for attempting to eat in a white-only restaurant
July 2: Dr. King invited to the White House while President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Accommodation and Fair Employment sections to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
August 4: Three civil rights workers were killed on a trip through Philadelphia, Mississippi. Their names were James Chaney who was black and Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner who were both white
Rosa Parks ecomes Deaconess in the AME Church in Detroit (African Methodist Episcopal Church)
 
     
  1965February 21: Malcolm X is assassinated in New York City
March 7: The Edmund Pettus Bridge incident took place in Selma, Alabama where marchers were beaten and tear-gassed
March 17 – 25: King and 25,000 other protestors, including Rosa Parks, march from Selma to Montgomery for voting rights.
March 25: Mrs. Viola Liuzzo was killed driving some of the black marchers back to Selma
August 6: The 1965 Voting Rights Act was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson
August 11/12: The Watts Riots erupted in California when Thirty-five people died. The National Guard had been called in to stop America's worst racial disturbance.
Rosa Parks begins working for Congressman John Conyers 1st District of Michigan in Detroit
 
     
  1966January 13: Robert C. Weaver becomes the first Black to serve in the cabinet as Secretary of Housing and Urban Affairs
June 6: James Meredith was shot and wounded on the "March Against Fear" from Memphis, Tennessee to Jackson Mississippi
June 27: SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) leader Stokely Carmichael publicly uses the militant term, "Black Power" in Greenwood, Mississippi,
July 18-23: The National Guard are called in when Summer Riots break out in Chicago, Illinois, Cleveland, Omaha, Nebraska and Ohio
 
     
  1967May 1 - October 1: Summer riots where 43 people are killed 
     
  1968April 4: While standing on the balcony of his room at the Lorraine Motel  in Memphis, Tennessee Dr. Martin Luther King is shot and killed 
     
  19771977: Her husband, Raymond Parks, 74, dies of cancer. 
     
  19791979
Rosa Parks receives NAACP's Spingarn Medal
 
     
  19801980: The Detroit News and Detroit Public Schools establish the Rosa Parks Scholarship Foundation, honoring the 25th anniversary of her stand in Montgomery 
     
  19871987: She founds the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development with long time friend Elaine Eason Steele which offers guidance to young blacks 
     
  19881988: Rosa Parks retires from Congressman John Conyers' office. 1988
Retires from  Conyers Detroit office
 
     
  1989The First Pathways to Freedom ride is started (an historical education program)
A Bust of Rosa Parks unveiled at the Smithsonian
 
     
  1992Rosa publishes her first book, "Rosa Parks My Story" 
     
  1994Rosa Parks is assaulted and robbed of $53 in the home she rents in Detroit. The robber is arrested and convicted 
     
  1995Rosa Parks speaks at the Million Man March in Washington
She is hospitalized after a fall in her apartment
The Rosa Parks Learning Center opens at Botsford Commons, a senior community in Michigan where young people mentor senior citizens on the use of computers
 
     
  1996Rosa Parks receives the Medal of Freedom President Bill Clinton 
     
  1997The first Monday following February 4th is designated as Rosa Parks Day in the State of Michigan 
     
  1998April 21: The Rosa Parks Museum and Library is opened at her arrest site in Montgomery, Alabama
September 2: The Rosa L. Parks Learning Center is opened
Rosa Parks takes Pathways to Freedom ride to Nova Scotia and receives an honorary degree from Mt. Saint Vincent University
Rosa is inducted into the International Women's Forum Hall of Fame
 
     
  1999President Clinton awards Rosa the 250th Congressional Gold Medal of Honor, the highest honor a civilian can receive in the United States
Rosa Parks meets with the Pope in St. Louis and reads a statement to the Pope asking for racial healing.
May 2: Rosa Parks appeared in a TV episode of Touched By An Angel
 
     
  2000December 1: Opening of Rosa Parks Museum and Library at Troy State University Montgomery, on the site where she was arrested in 1955
September: Rosa attends an audience with the Queen of Swaziland
 
     
  2001April 30 -May 23: Filming of "The Rosa Parks Story" CBS Television Movie 
     
  2002February 24: Showing of: "The Rosa Parks Story" CBS Television Movie 
     
  2003October 29: Rosa Parks is honored with the International Institute Heritage Hall of Fame Award
She is diagnosed with progressive dementia.
 
     
  2005October 24: Rosa Parks dies on  in her Detroit home
November 2: Rosa Parks' funeral service, seven hours long, was held at the Greater Grace Temple Church.
 
     
Rosa Parks Timeline

Rosa Parks Timeline
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