Harriet Tubman Timeline

Harriet Tubman Timeline ( c1820-1913)
The famous African-American abolitionist
The U.S. Civil War
Rescuing slaves via the the 'Underground Railroad'
Her involvement in women's suffrage
Her death in 1913
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Why was Harriet Tubman famous?
Harriet Tubman was famous as an African-American abolitionist and Union spy during the U.S. Civil War and the role she played in rescuing slaves via the the 'Underground Railroad' and women's suffrage

      Short Biography of Harriet Tubman
Date of Birth: Born c1820
Place of Birth : Dorchester County, Maryland
Parents: Father - Ben Ross
             Mother: Harriet Greene RossBackground Facts, Information & Ancestry: Harriet Tubman believed that she was of Ashanti lineage, from what is now Ghana. Her parents and Harriet were slaves. Her mother was initially owned by Mary Pattison Brodess and later her son Edward. Her father was owned by the second husband of Mary Pattison Brodess called Anthony Thompson. Ben and Harriet Greene Ross had nine children Linah, born in 1808, Mariah Ritty in 1811, Soph in 1813, Robert in 1816, Harriet in 1820, Ben in 1823, Rachel in 1825, Henry in 1830, and Moses in 1832.
 
         
    1619 The first African slaves are brought to Virginia  
         
    1808 The parents of Harriet Trubman were married  
         
    1808 Linah was born  
         
    1811 Her sister Mariah Ritty was born  
         
    1813 Her sister Soph was born  
         
    1816 Her brother Robert was born  
         
    c1820 The timeline of Harriet Trubman starts when Araminta Ross was born c 1820 to Ben and Harriet Greene Ross. She was given the nickname of "Minty". She would later become famous as Harriet Tubman. Her place of birth was Dorchester County Maryland  
         
    1823 Her brother Ben was born  
         
    1825 Her sister Rachel was born  
         
    1830 Her brother Henry was born  
         
    1832 Her brother Moses was born  
         
    1826 Harriet Trubman was hired out to a woman named "Miss Susan" as a nursemaid and later a planter named James Cook. She was beaten by both her owners  
         
      Edward Brodess sold three of the children (Linah, Mariah Ritty, and Soph)  
         
    1830 Harriet was sent to work in the fields - it was tantamount to hard labor  
         
    1834 She was hit in the head by overseer for trying to help a slave, which she said "broke my skull".  
         
    1840 Her father Ben was manumitted – released from slavery  
         
    1844 Harriet married a free black man called John Tubman and soon after her marriage she changed her name from Araminta (Minty) to Harriet  
         
    1849 Harriet became ill and Edward Brodess tried to sell her as her value as a slave was decreasing - he failed  
         
    1849 17 September 1849 - Harriet and her brothers Ben and Henry escaped from slavery  
         
    1849 3 October 1849 - A Runaway notice was posted in the Cambridge Democrat which offered a reward of up to one hundred dollars for each slave returned  
         
    1849 Harriet and her two brothers returned to their owners, fearful of repercussions to the family  
         
    1849 Harriet Tubman contacted the network known as the Underground Railroad asking for their help in a further escape plane. She was successful in her escape and fled to the North  
         
    1850 She worked in a hotel in Philadelphia.  
         
    1850 The U.S. Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, enabling law enforcement officials, even in states which had outlawed slavery, to aid in the capture of runaway slaves. Heavy fines and punishments were imposed on anyone who abetted the escape of runaway slaves.  
         
    1850 December -  Harriet Trubman arranged with William Still via the Underground Railroad to rescue her sister, brother-in-law and their two children from slavery  
         
    1852 Again using the Underground Railroad rescued her brother Moses  
         
    1852 Discovered her husband's infidelity. He subsequently married another woman  
         
    1852 At this point Harriet Trubman became an active Underground Railroad operator and during her lifetime helped rescue many hundreds of slaves escape to New York, New England, and Canada  
         
    1857 She was able to rescue her parents  
         
    1858 Harriet Trubman met the abolitionist John Brown  
         
    1859 John Browns raid on Harper's Ferry  
         
    1859 Abolitionist US Senator William H. Seward sold Harriet Tubman a small farm on the outskirts of Auburn, New York  
         
    1861 Abraham Lincoln elected President of the US and the Civil War starts  
         
    1861 Harriet went to Troy, New York where she met Charles Nalle and undertook her last mission to Maryland  
         
      Harriet Tubman was never captured and neither were the slaves that she helped. Many years later, she told an audience: "I was conductor of the Underground Railroad for eight years, and I can say what most conductors can't say – I never ran my train off the track and I never lost a passenger."  
         
    1863 Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation  
         
    1865 The Civil War ends. Lincoln is assassinated. The 13th amendment to Constitution abolishes slavery  
         
    1865 Harriet Tubman returned to Auburn at the end of the war  
         
    1868 14th amendment to the Constitution grants citizenship to former slaves  
         
    1868 Harriet Tubman meets a Civil War veteran named Nelson Davis  
         
    1869 18 March 1869 she married Nelson Davis at the Central Presbyterian Church  
         
    1869 Sarah H. Bradford wrote an authorized biography entitled Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman which was published in this year  
         
    1870 15th amendment to Constitution prohibits states from denying the right to vote because of race  
         
    1873 Harriet was swindled out of her money by a con involving gold money transfers  
         
    1874 Harriet and Nelson adopt a baby girl named Gertie  
         
      In her later years Harriet Tubman began attending meetings of suffragist organizations where she met women such as Susan B. Anthony and Emily Howland  
         
    1913 Harriet Tubman died of pneumonia on 10 March 1913.  
         
Harriet Tubman Timeline

Harriet Tubman Timeline
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Harriet Tubman Timeline

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