Marco Polo Timeline

Marco Polo Timeline ( 1254-1324)
The life of this famous explorer and his travels to China
His birth, family and education
His work for the Kublai Khan
His time in prison which led to writing of his biography detailing his travels and explorations
One of the most famous of the early explorers
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Why was Marco Polo famous?
Marco Polo was famous for his travels to Cathay (China) and Persia and his work for the Kublai Khan. The life story and autobiography was called 'The Travels of Marco Polo' or 'Il Milione'.

      Short Biography of Marco Polo
Date of Birth: Born on September 15, 1254
Place of Birth : Venice
Parents: Father - Niccolo Polo
Uncle: Maffeo
 
         
    1254 September 15: Marco Polo is born in Venice  
         
    1260 His wealthy father and uncle, Nicolo and Maffeo Polo, set sail from Constantinople to the Crimea on a trading journey  
         
    1262 Nicolo and Maffeo Polo receive an invitation to Cathay (China) to meet Kublai, the khan of all the Mongols  
         
    1267 Kublai Khan sets up a new Chinese capital at Daidu  present day Beijing (Peking)  
         
    1269 Nicolo and Maffeo Polo return to Venice  
         
    1271 Marco Polo accompanies his father and uncle on a journey through the Holy Land, Persia and Tartary and  to the Empire of China  
         
    1274 The travellers reach Cathay after a three year journey. Marco Polo arrives in the capital and his father and uncle renew their friendly acquaintance with the Kublai Khan and present him with papal letters. They were given important positions at his court. Marco Polo studied the Chinese language which he learnt to speak  
         
    1275 Marco Polo is appointed as an envoy for the Kublai Khan and travels through China on his missions  
         
    1280's Marco Polo travels through Asia working for the Kublai Khan and is eventually appointed as a governor of one of his cities  
         
    1292 A marriage is arranged for the daughter of Kublai Khan, the Princess Cocachin, and the Polo's accompany the wedding party, consisting of a fleet of fourteen ships, to Persia.

Stops were made at Borneo, Sumatra, Ceylon and other places until the ships reach Persia
 
         
    1293 The Polo's stay in Persia to celebrate the wedding and then head towards the Black Sea to make their way back to Venice  
         
    1294 The Death of Kublai Khan  
         
    1295 Marco Polo arrives in Venice with the finest collection of jewels ever seen

Venice is at war with Genoa
 
         
    1298 Marco Polo was made a "gentlemen commander" of a Venetian galley

His ship joins in the battle of Kurzola and he is taken as a prisoner of war by the Genoese.

Whilst he is in prison he meets a writer called Rustichello of Pisa and dictated to him an account of his travels and experiences in China, Japan, and other Eastern countries
 
         
    1299 Marco Polo is released as a prisoner of war in Genoa: at about this time,  
         
    1300 Marco marries a Venetian lady called Donata and together they have three daughters called Belela, Fantina and Moreta  
         
    1307 A copy of his book reaches France and Switzerland and Marco Polo becomes internationally famous  
         
    1324 January: Marco Polo dies in Venice, he was almost 70 years old

Marco Polo was buried in the Church of San Lorenzo
 
         
Marco Polo Timeline

Marco Polo Timeline
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Marco Polo Timeline

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