Queen Elizabeth I Timeline

Queen Elizabeth I Timeline ( 1533 - 1603)
The important dates and events in the life of the 'Virgin Queen'
The daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
The major events and achievements during her reign and the Spanish Armada
The loves in her life
Her death and burial
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Why was Queen Elizabeth I famous?
Queen Elizabeth I was famous as the Virgin Queen of England, the daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Great explorations of the New World, defeating the Spanish Armadaand her struggles with her cousin Mary Queen of Scots

    1553 Short Biography of Queen Elizabeth I
Date of Birth: Born on 7 September 1533
Place of Birth : Greenwich, England
Parents: Father: King Henry VIII of England
             Mother: Anne Boleyn
Half sister of King Edward VI and Queen Mary I (Bloody Mary)
For additional information about the life of Queen Elizabeth I go to Elizabethan Era
 
         
    1553 7 September: Elizabeth is born at Greenwich, England  
         
    1556 May 15: Her mother, Anne Boleyn tried for treason, adultery and incest

May 19: Anne Boleyn executed on Tower Hill, London

May 30: King Henry VIII and Jane Seymour married
 
         
    1537 12 October: Jane Seymour dies following the premature birth of her son, the future King Edward VI

Princess Elizabeth is declared a bastard

Elizabeth leaves court for Hatfield House, Hertfordshire where she spends her childhood
 
         
    1540 King Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves but the marriage is quickly annulled

July 28: 49 year old King Henry marries 19 year old Catherine Howard ( who was a cousin of Anne Boleyn)
 
         
    1542 February 13: Catherine Howard is executed for adultery greatly distressing the nine-year-old Elizabeth

December 8 - Mary Stuart is born at Linlithgow Palace the daughter of the son of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise. Her grandmother was Margaret Tudor ( sister of King Henry VIII)
 
         
    1543 July 12 - King Henry marries Katherine Parr his sixth and last wife  
         
    1547 January 28: King Henry VIII the father of Queen Elizabeth I dies on

Edward VI (Henry's son by Jane Seymour) becomes King of England

Princess Elizabeth lives with her stepmother Katherine Parr and her new husband Thomas Seymour
 
         
    1548 Elizabeth leaves Katherine Parr's household under questionable circumstances because of rumors of an affair with Thomas Seymour

Katherine Parr dies in childbirth
 
         
    1551 Princess Elizabeth returns to the court of her half-brother, the young king  
         
    1553 July 6: The young King Edward VI dies of tuberculosis leaving the throne to 'the Lady Jane and her heirs male' breaking English Law (Act of Succession) and going against the wishes of his dead father

July 10: Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed Queen of England
July 19: Queen Jane deposed as Queen

July 6: - Mary, the daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, and half-sister of Elizabeth is proclaimed Queen Mary I of England
 
         
    1554 February 12: Lady Jane Grey and her husband Guildford Dudley executed at the Tower of London

Queen Mary marries Philip II of Spain

Protestant rebellion, led by Sir Thomas Wyatt the Younger

Mar 18: Mary has Elizabeth imprisoned in the Tower of London for eight weeks on false charges

May 19: Princess Elizabeth released from the Tower of London and moves to Woodstock
 
         
    1555 England returns to Roman Catholicism and Protestants are persecuted and 300 are burnt at the stake  leads to Queen Mary I being called Bloody Mary
Philip II returns to Spain after the phantom pregnancy of Mary his wife
 
         
    1558 November 17: Death of Queen Mary I
November 17: Elizabeth succeeds her Catholic sister Mary I as Queen of England and re-establishes the Protestant Anglican Church
 
         
    1559 Jan 13: She is crowned Queen of England  
         
    1560 Jul. 6: Treaty of Edinburgh between England, France, and Scotland
Sep 8: Amy Robsart, the wife of Robert Dudley (the great favorite of the Queen),  is found dead at the foot of the stairs in her home, Cumnor Place, Oxford. Dudley is suspected of murder
 
         
    1561 August 19: Return of Mary Stuart ( Mary Queen of Scots ) to Scotland
September 20: Treaty signed at Hampton Court ,Elizabeth pledges support of the French Huguenots
 
         
    1562 Queen Elizabeth almost dies of Smallpox  
         
    1563 Establishment of the Anglican Church
Outbreak of the  the Black Death ( Bubonic Plague )
 
         
    1564 The Queen takes share of profit from John Hawkins slave trade  
         
    1565 Mary Queen of Scots marries her 19-year-old cousin Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley; aged 22  
         
    1566 March 9: The Murder of David Rizzio, secretary of Mary Queen of Scots

June 19: Mary Queen of Scots only child is born (James who would later become king of Scotland and England)
 
         
    1567 February 10: Murder of Lord Darnley, husband of Mary Queen of Scots

Mary Queen of Scots marries the Earl of Bothwell causing a rebellion in Scotland

July 24: Mary of Scots abdicates and her baby son, James, becomes King James VI, King of Scotland
 
         
    1568 The Catholic Mary Queen of Scots flees to England and is imprisoned by Elizabeth I at Fotheringay Castle as a Catholic threat to her throne  
         
    1569 The Nevilles of Durham and Percys of Northumberland plot to overthrow Elizabeth and reinstate Roman Catholicism in “The Rising of the North” but  she exonerates Mary Queen of Scots from the charges made against her

Pope Pius V backs the Catholic rebels increasing distrust of Catholics
 
         
    1570 The excommunication of Queen Elizabeth I by the Catholic Church  
         
    1571 January  2: Marriage negotiations between Elizabeth and Henry, Duke of Anjou, which eventually fail

February 25: Sir William Cecil is created Lord Burghley
 
         
    1572 August 24: St Bartholomew's Day massacre where French Protestants were massacred by French Catholics in Paris cause panic in England with fears of a Catholic invasion  
         
    1573 Sir Francis Drake captures a shipment of silver destined for Spain
December 21: Sir Francis Walsingham appointed Secretary of State and becomes chief spy master in England
 
         
    1575 November 14: The Queen of England declines to accept the sovereignty of the Netherlands  
         
    1577 Alliance between England and Netherlands and Francis Drake sets sails for his round the world voyage  
         
    1578 September 21: Robert Dudley secretly marries Lady Lettice Knollys and is banished from court  
         
    1579 June 17: Sir Francis Drake claims England’s sovereignty over New Albion (California)
October 7: The Privy Council fail to support Queen Elizabeth in the marriage treaty with the Duke of Anjou
 
         
    1580 September 26: Francis Drake returns to England in triumph  
         
    1581 March 18: English Parliament passes strict legislation against Roman Catholics with heavy fines for hearing Mass

May 4: Francis Drake is knighted

November 7: A marriage treaty between Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Anjou is signed
 
         
    1584 William of Orange is murdered and England sends aid to the Netherlands

March 25: Sir Walter Raleigh receives the patent to explore and settle in North America

June 4: Virginia colony of Roanoke Island established by Sir Walter Raleigh

June 15: Francis, Duke of Anjou dies
 
         
    1585 August 14: Queen Elizabeth declines offers by the Dutch commission for sovereignty of the Low Countries but issues a declaration taking the Netherlands under her protection
December 8: Lord Robert Dudley leads the English army to fight the Spanish forces who are occupying the Netherlands
 
         
    1586 The Babbington Plot , a conspiracy against Elizabeth I involving Mary Queen of Scots. The leader of the plot was Anthony Babbington

July 1: Treaty of Berwick - Queen Elizabeth and King James VI of Scotland form a league of amity

October 25: Mary Queen of Scots is convicted of involvement in the Babbington plot
 
         
    1587 February 8: Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

War with Spain which continues until 1603

April 19: Sir Francis Drake destroys the Spanish fleet at Cadiz

June 18: Queen Elizabeth appoints Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, as her Master of the Horse
 
         
    1588 August 8: The Spanish Armada of 132 ships is defeated by the English fleet of 34 ships and 163 armed merchant vessels led by Lord Howard of Effingham, Sir Francis Drake, and Sir John Hawkins

September 4: Lord Robert Dudley dies
 
         
    1593 London Theatres, including the Globe, close due to the Bubonic Plague (The Black Death)

Penalties are proposed for people who refuse to attend Church of England services and to make it a crime to attend Catholic services
 
         
    1596 English fleet under the Earl of Essex and Lord Howard of Effingham capture Spanish Cadiz  
         
    1597 Irish rebellion under Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone (finally put down 1601)

King Philip II of Spain sends a second armada against England but a storm scatters his ships
 
         
    1599 The Queen's favourite Robert, Earl of Essex was placed in charge of a large English army to suppress Irish rebels but Essex signs an unauthorized truce with the Earl of Tyrone. He is then
deprived of his titles and arrested
 
         
    1600 Queen Elizabeth I grants charter to East India Company  
         
    1601 Elizabethan Poor Law charges the parishes with providing for the needy

Robert, Earl of Essex attempts rebellion which fails

February 25: Robert Devereux (1566-1601), Earl of Essex is executed on Tower Green, the Queen never gets over his treachery and death
 
         
    1603 Queen Elizabeth dies on 24 March 1603 of of blood poisoning. She is succeeded by James I of England, James VI of Scotland, (great-grandson of Henry VIII)  
         
Queen Elizabeth I Timeline

Queen Elizabeth I Timeline
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