Technology Timeline
 

Technology Timeline

Technology Timeline
The major dates of inventions and names of inventors
From the first calculators to Tim Berners-Lee and the World Wide Web
Steam engine and hot air balloons
Photography the radio, and the automobile
Typewriters, Thermometers and television
History & Timelines Index
 
Timelines of Events
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  2400 BCThe abacus, the first known calculator, invented in Babylonia 
     
  300 BCPingala invents the binary number system 
     
  87 BCAntikythera Mechanism invented in Rhodes to track movement of the stars 
     
  724Liang Ling-Can invents the first fully mechanical clock 
     
  1041Movable type printing press invented by  Bi Sheng  
     
  1280Eyeglasses were invented 
     
  1350Suspension bridges built in Peru 
     
  1450Alphabetic, movable type printing press invented by  Johann Gutenberg  
     
  1500Ball bearing invented by  Leonardo Da Vinci together with flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots 
     
  1510Pocket watch invented by  Peter Henlein 
     
  1576Ironclad warship invented by  Oda Nobunaga 
     
  1581Pendulum invented by  Galileo Galilei 
     
  1593Thermometer invented by  Galileo Galilei 
     
  1608Telescope invented by  Hans Lippershey  
     
  1609Microscope invented by  Galileo Galilei  
     
  1642Adding machine invented by  Blaise Pascal 
     
  1643Barometer invented by  Evangelista Torricelli 
     
  1645Vacuum pump invented by  Otto von Guericke 
     
  1657Pendulum clock invented by  Christiaan Huygens 
     
  1679Pressure cooker invented by  Denis Papin 
     
  1687Newton, Principia: Newton's physics formed the foundation of modern science 
     
  1698Steam engine invented by Thomas Savery 
     
  1671Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus 
     
  1705Steam piston engine invented by  Thomas Newcomen 
     
  1708Jethro Tull invents mechanical (seed) sower 
     
  1710Thermometer invented by  Rene Antoine Ferchault de Reaumur 
     
  1733John Kay invents flying shuttle. 
     
  1742Franklin stove invented by  Benjamin Franklin 
     
  1752Lightning rod invented by  Benjamin Franklin 
     
  1767Spinning jenny invented by  James Hargreaves 
     
  1769Steam engine invented by  James Watt 
     
  1774Priestly isolates oxygen 
     
  1779First steam powered mills automate the weaving process. 
     
  1781William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus. 
     
  1783Hot air balloon invented by  Montgolfier brothers  
     
  1791Steamboat invented by  John Fitch 
     
  1793Eli Whitney develops the cotton gin 
     
  1798Vaccination invented by  Edward Jenner  
     
  1799Humphrey Davy discovers nitrous oxide (laughing gas)

Oliver Evans invents the conveyer belt
 
     
  1804Locomotive invented by  Richard Trevithick 
     
  1814Steam Locomotive (Blucher) invented by  George Stephenson  
     
  1816Miner's safety lamp invented by  Humphry Davy 
     
  1816Stethoscope invented by  Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec 
     
  1820The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar 
     
  1821Faraday demonstrates the principle of the electric motor. 
     
  1822Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer 
     
  1821Electric motor invented by  Michael Faraday  
     
  1826Photography invented by  Joseph Nicephore Niepce 
     
  1830Lawn mower invented by  Edwin Beard Budding 
     
  1831Von Liebig discovers chloroform

Faraday discovers electro-magnetic current, making possible generators and electric engines.
 
     
  1834Braille invented by  Louis Braille 
     
  1834Refrigerator invented by  Jacob Perkins 
     
  1834Combine harvester invented by  Hiram Moore 
     
  1835Morse code invented by  Samuel Morse

Revolver invented by Samuel Colt
 
     
  1838Electric telegraph invented by  Charles Wheatstone (also Samuel Morse)

Daguerre perfects the Daguerrotype.
 
     
  1839Vulcanization of rubber invented by  Charles Goodyear 
     
  1842Anaesthesia invented by  Crawford Long 
     
  1843Typewriter invented by  Charles Thurber  
     
  1846Sewing machine invented by  Elias Howe  
     
  1846Rotary printing press invented by  Richard M. Hoe

Pneumatic tire patented

Elias Howe invents the sewing machine
 
     
  1849Safety pin invented by  Walter Hunt

Monier develops reinforced concrete
 
     
  1859Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species

Etienne Lenoir demonstrates the first successful gasoline engine
 
     
  1862Revolving machine gun invented by  Richard J. Gatling

Isaac Singer commercializes the sewing machine
 
     
  1862Mechanical submarine invented by  Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol 
     
  1866Dynamite invented by  Alfred Nobel

Lister demonstrates the use of carbolic antiseptic
 
     
  1869Mendeleev produces the Periodic Table 
     
  1870Stock ticker invented by  Thomas Alva Edison 
     
  1873Christopher Sholes invents the Remington typewriter

James Clerk Maxwell states the laws of electro-magnetic radiation
 
     
  1876Gasoline carburettor invented by  Daimler 
     
  1877Phonograph invented by  Thomas Alva Edison  
     
  1877Microphone invented by  Emile Berliner 
     
  1878Cathode ray tube invented by  William Crookes

Edison invents the incandescent lamp.
 
     
  1880Photophone invented by  Alexander Graham Bell 
     
  1883First skyscraper built in Chicago (ten stories)

Maxim invents the machine gun
 
     
  1885Motor cycle invented by  Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach

Benz develops first automobile to run on internal- combustion engine
 
     
  1888Hertz produces radio waves. 
     
  1888Eiffel Tower is built 
     
  1891Zipper invented by  Whitcomb L. Judson

Rudolf Diesel invents diesel
 
     
  1893Wireless communication invented by  Nikola Tesla 
     
  1895Diesel engine invented by  Rudolf Diesel

Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi

Auguste and Louis Lumiere develop Cinematograph

Roentgen discovers X-rays
 
     
  1898Remote control invented by  Nikola Tesla 
     
  1900Planck develops quantum theory

First Zeppelin is built
 
     
  1901Vacuum cleaner invented by  Hubert Booth  
     
  1903Powered airplane invented by  Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright 
     
  1905Einstein writes the Theory of Relativity. 
     
  1907Color photography invented by  Auguste and Louis Lumiere

Helicopter invented by Paul Cornu

Radio amplifier invented by Lee DeForest
 
     
  1908Henry Ford mass-produces the Model T. 
     
  1909Bakelite invented by  Leo Baekeland 
     
  1919London to Paris air service begins

James Smathers develops the first electric typewriter
 
     
  1923Sound film invented by  Lee DeForest

Television Electronic invented by Philo Farnsworth
 
     
  1924Electro Mechanical television system invented by John Logie Baird  
     
  1926Robert Goddard experiments with liquid-fueled rockets. 
     
  1928Antibiotics, penicillin invented by  Alexander Fleming 
     
  1931Iconoscope invented by  Vladimir Zworykin  
     
  1937Jet engine invented by  Frank Whittle and Hans von Ohain

Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
 
     
  1938Ballpoint pen invented by  Laszlo Biro 
     
  1943Enigma: Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine

Colossus: Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus

Aqua-Lung invented by Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Emile Gagnan
 
     
  1945The atomic bomb 
     
  1946Microwave oven invented by  Percy Spencer 
     
  1951Nuclear power reactor invented by  Walter Zinn 
     
  1956Optical fiber invented by  Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss

Videocassette recorder invented by Ampex
 
     
  1957Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians 
     
  1958Silicon chip: The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce 
     
  1960Laser invented by  Theodore Harold Maiman 
     
  1961Uri Gagarin is the first man in space

Optical disc invented by David Paul Gregg
 
     
  1963Computer mouse invented by  Douglas Engelbart 
     
  1967Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) invented by  John Shepherd-Barron

Hypertext invented by Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson
 
     
  1968Video game console invented by  Ralph H. Baer 
     
  1969The moon landing - Neil Armstrong sets foot on the moon 
     
  1971E-mail invented by  Ray Tomlinson

Liquid Crystal Display invented by  James Fergason

Pocket calculator invented by  Sharp Corporation

Floppy Disk invented by  David Noble with IBM
 
     
  1973Ethernet invented by  Bob Metcalfe and David Boggs

Personal computer invented by Xerox PARC
 
     
  1983Camcorder invented by  Sony 
     
  1990World Wide Web invented by  Tim Berners-Lee 
     
  2001Digital satellite radio 
     
Technology Timeline

Technology Timeline Timeline
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Technology Timeline

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