Technology Timeline

Technology Timeline
The major dates of inventions and names of inventors
From the first calculators to Tim Berners-Lee and the World Wide Web
Steam engine and hot air balloons
Photography the radio, and the automobile
Typewriters, Thermometers and television
History & Timelines Index
 
Timelines of Events
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    2400 BC The abacus, the first known calculator, invented in Babylonia  
         
    300 BC Pingala invents the binary number system  
         
    87 BC Antikythera Mechanism invented in Rhodes to track movement of the stars  
         
    724 Liang Ling-Can invents the first fully mechanical clock  
         
    1041 Movable type printing press invented by  Bi Sheng  
         
    1280 Eyeglasses were invented  
         
    1350 Suspension bridges built in Peru  
         
    1450 Alphabetic, movable type printing press invented by  Johann Gutenberg  
         
    1500 Ball bearing invented by  Leonardo Da Vinci together with flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots  
         
    1510 Pocket watch invented by  Peter Henlein  
         
    1576 Ironclad warship invented by  Oda Nobunaga  
         
    1581 Pendulum invented by  Galileo Galilei  
         
    1593 Thermometer invented by  Galileo Galilei  
         
    1608 Telescope invented by  Hans Lippershey  
         
    1609 Microscope invented by  Galileo Galilei  
         
    1642 Adding machine invented by  Blaise Pascal  
         
    1643 Barometer invented by  Evangelista Torricelli  
         
    1645 Vacuum pump invented by  Otto von Guericke  
         
    1657 Pendulum clock invented by  Christiaan Huygens  
         
    1679 Pressure cooker invented by  Denis Papin  
         
    1687 Newton, Principia: Newton's physics formed the foundation of modern science  
         
    1698 Steam engine invented by Thomas Savery  
         
    1671 Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus  
         
    1705 Steam piston engine invented by  Thomas Newcomen  
         
    1708 Jethro Tull invents mechanical (seed) sower  
         
    1710 Thermometer invented by  Rene Antoine Ferchault de Reaumur  
         
    1733 John Kay invents flying shuttle.  
         
    1742 Franklin stove invented by  Benjamin Franklin  
         
    1752 Lightning rod invented by  Benjamin Franklin  
         
    1767 Spinning jenny invented by  James Hargreaves  
         
    1769 Steam engine invented by  James Watt  
         
    1774 Priestly isolates oxygen  
         
    1779 First steam powered mills automate the weaving process.  
         
    1781 William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus.  
         
    1783 Hot air balloon invented by  Montgolfier brothers  
         
    1791 Steamboat invented by  John Fitch  
         
    1793 Eli Whitney develops the cotton gin  
         
    1798 Vaccination invented by  Edward Jenner  
         
    1799 Humphrey Davy discovers nitrous oxide (laughing gas)

Oliver Evans invents the conveyer belt
 
         
    1804 Locomotive invented by  Richard Trevithick  
         
    1814 Steam Locomotive (Blucher) invented by  George Stephenson  
         
    1816 Miner's safety lamp invented by  Humphry Davy  
         
    1816 Stethoscope invented by  Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec  
         
    1820 The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar  
         
    1821 Faraday demonstrates the principle of the electric motor.  
         
    1822 Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer  
         
    1821 Electric motor invented by  Michael Faraday  
         
    1826 Photography invented by  Joseph Nicephore Niepce  
         
    1830 Lawn mower invented by  Edwin Beard Budding  
         
    1831 Von Liebig discovers chloroform

Faraday discovers electro-magnetic current, making possible generators and electric engines.
 
         
    1834 Braille invented by  Louis Braille  
         
    1834 Refrigerator invented by  Jacob Perkins  
         
    1834 Combine harvester invented by  Hiram Moore  
         
    1835 Morse code invented by  Samuel Morse

Revolver invented by Samuel Colt
 
         
    1838 Electric telegraph invented by  Charles Wheatstone (also Samuel Morse)

Daguerre perfects the Daguerrotype.
 
         
    1839 Vulcanization of rubber invented by  Charles Goodyear  
         
    1842 Anaesthesia invented by  Crawford Long  
         
    1843 Typewriter invented by  Charles Thurber  
         
    1846 Sewing machine invented by  Elias Howe  
         
    1846 Rotary printing press invented by  Richard M. Hoe

Pneumatic tire patented

Elias Howe invents the sewing machine
 
         
    1849 Safety pin invented by  Walter Hunt

Monier develops reinforced concrete
 
         
    1859 Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species

Etienne Lenoir demonstrates the first successful gasoline engine
 
         
    1862 Revolving machine gun invented by  Richard J. Gatling

Isaac Singer commercializes the sewing machine
 
         
    1862 Mechanical submarine invented by  Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol  
         
    1866 Dynamite invented by  Alfred Nobel

Lister demonstrates the use of carbolic antiseptic
 
         
    1869 Mendeleev produces the Periodic Table  
         
    1870 Stock ticker invented by  Thomas Alva Edison  
         
    1873 Christopher Sholes invents the Remington typewriter

James Clerk Maxwell states the laws of electro-magnetic radiation
 
         
    1876 Gasoline carburettor invented by  Daimler  
         
    1877 Phonograph invented by  Thomas Alva Edison  
         
    1877 Microphone invented by  Emile Berliner  
         
    1878 Cathode ray tube invented by  William Crookes

Edison invents the incandescent lamp.
 
         
    1880 Photophone invented by  Alexander Graham Bell  
         
    1883 First skyscraper built in Chicago (ten stories)

Maxim invents the machine gun
 
         
    1885 Motor cycle invented by  Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach

Benz develops first automobile to run on internal- combustion engine
 
         
    1888 Hertz produces radio waves.  
         
    1888 Eiffel Tower is built  
         
    1891 Zipper invented by  Whitcomb L. Judson

Rudolf Diesel invents diesel
 
         
    1893 Wireless communication invented by  Nikola Tesla  
         
    1895 Diesel engine invented by  Rudolf Diesel

Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi

Auguste and Louis Lumiere develop Cinematograph

Roentgen discovers X-rays
 
         
    1898 Remote control invented by  Nikola Tesla  
         
    1900 Planck develops quantum theory

First Zeppelin is built
 
         
    1901 Vacuum cleaner invented by  Hubert Booth  
         
    1903 Powered airplane invented by  Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright  
         
    1905 Einstein writes the Theory of Relativity.  
         
    1907 Color photography invented by  Auguste and Louis Lumiere

Helicopter invented by Paul Cornu

Radio amplifier invented by Lee DeForest
 
         
    1908 Henry Ford mass-produces the Model T.  
         
    1909 Bakelite invented by  Leo Baekeland  
         
    1919 London to Paris air service begins

James Smathers develops the first electric typewriter
 
         
    1923 Sound film invented by  Lee DeForest

Television Electronic invented by Philo Farnsworth
 
         
    1924 Electro Mechanical television system invented by John Logie Baird  
         
    1926 Robert Goddard experiments with liquid-fueled rockets.  
         
    1928 Antibiotics, penicillin invented by  Alexander Fleming  
         
    1931 Iconoscope invented by  Vladimir Zworykin  
         
    1937 Jet engine invented by  Frank Whittle and Hans von Ohain

Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
 
         
    1938 Ballpoint pen invented by  Laszlo Biro  
         
    1943 Enigma: Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine

Colossus: Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus

Aqua-Lung invented by Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Emile Gagnan
 
         
    1945 The atomic bomb  
         
    1946 Microwave oven invented by  Percy Spencer  
         
    1951 Nuclear power reactor invented by  Walter Zinn  
         
    1956 Optical fiber invented by  Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss

Videocassette recorder invented by Ampex
 
         
    1957 Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians  
         
    1958 Silicon chip: The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce  
         
    1960 Laser invented by  Theodore Harold Maiman  
         
    1961 Uri Gagarin is the first man in space

Optical disc invented by David Paul Gregg
 
         
    1963 Computer mouse invented by  Douglas Engelbart  
         
    1967 Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) invented by  John Shepherd-Barron

Hypertext invented by Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson
 
         
    1968 Video game console invented by  Ralph H. Baer  
         
    1969 The moon landing - Neil Armstrong sets foot on the moon  
         
    1971 E-mail invented by  Ray Tomlinson

Liquid Crystal Display invented by  James Fergason

Pocket calculator invented by  Sharp Corporation

Floppy Disk invented by  David Noble with IBM
 
         
    1973 Ethernet invented by  Bob Metcalfe and David Boggs

Personal computer invented by Xerox PARC
 
         
    1983 Camcorder invented by  Sony  
         
    1990 World Wide Web invented by  Tim Berners-Lee  
         
    2001 Digital satellite radio  
         
Technology Timeline

Technology Timeline Timeline
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Technology Timeline

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