New Mexico History Timeline

New Mexico History Timeline
The New Mexico History Timeline Overview
Native Indians: Apache, Comanche, Jemez, Kiowa, Manso, Navaho, Pecos, Ute and Pueblo Indian tribes
Statehood: New Mexico was admitted to the Union on January 6, 1912
Constitution - New Mexico was the 47th State
"It grows as it goes."
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New Mexico Timeline

    1536 Spanish conquistador Cabeza de Vaca reaches Culiacdn, Mexico  
         
    1540 The Spanish explorer, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado (1510-1554) explores the area from Gulf of California to present-day Kansas and discovers the Grand Canyon  
         
    1580 Fray Augustin Rodriguez and Captain Francisco Sanchez Chamuscado travel up the Rio Grande  
         
    1582 Fray Bernadino Beltran and Fray Antonio de Espejo travel to New Mexico  
         
    1598 Juan de Onate 1595-1628 establishes the first Spanish capital of San Juan de los Caballeros  
         
    1599 Battle at Aroma between Pueblo natives and Spaniards  
         
    1605 Juan de Onate 1595-1628 leads expedition to the Colorado River  
         
    1626 The Spanish Inquisition established in New Mexico  
         
    1680 Pueblo Indian Revolt lead by Pope, a Pueblo Indian from the San Juan Pueblo  
         
    1600's In the late 1600's Navajos, Apaches, lies, and Comanches begin raids against Pueblo Indians  
         
    1696 Second Pueblo Revolt - the Natives were defeated  
         
    1756 1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba  
         
    1776 Franciscan Fathers Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Escalante explore route from out New Mexico to California.  
         
    1786 Juan Bautista de Anza ( 1736- 1788) makes peace with the Comanches.  
         
    1807 Zebulon M. Pike (1779-1813), a native of New Jersey, leads first Anglo American expedition into New Mexico  
         
    1821 Mexico declares independence from Spain  
         
    1821 William Bucknell ( 1773 - ?) opens the Santa Fe Trail between Missouri and New Mexico  
         
    1828 Gold discovered in the Ortiz Mountains  
         
    1835 Las Vegas is the last Spanish colony established in North America  
         
    1841 Texans invade New Mexico and claim all land east of the Rio Grande  
         
    1846 Mexican-American War begins. Stephen Watts Kearny ( 1794 - 1848) annexes New Mexico to the United States  
         
    1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican-American War  
         
    1850 New Mexico (which included present-day Arizona, southern Colorado, southern Utah, and southern Nevada) is designated a territory but denied statehood  
         
    1854 The Gadsden Purchase adds 45,000 square miles to the territory  
         
    1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War.  
         
    1861 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.  
         
    1863 Known as the "Long Walk," Navajos and Apaches are forced to walk more than 300 miles from north-eastern Arizona and north-western New Mexico to Bosque Redondo  
         
    1863 New Mexico is partitioned in half. Territory of Arizona is created  
         
    1865 The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy  
         
    1865 1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery  
         
    1865 The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy  
         
    1871 William H. Bonney, aka Billy the Kid ( 1859-1881) kills his first man with a knife in Silver City at the age of 12 years old  
         
1878 The railroad arrives in New Mexico
         
    1881 Billy the Kid ( 1859-1881) is shot by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner  
         
    1886 Apache chief Geronimo and his followers surrender to General Nelson A. Miles, thus ending Indian hostilities cease in the Southwest  
         
    1898 1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.  
         
    1908 Pat Garrett is shot to death at the age of 57 in an argument with a rancher  
         
    1912 Statehood - The Date that New Mexico was admitted to the Union - January 6, 1912. Constitution - New Mexico was the 47th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " Crescit eundo " the State Motto is translated as " It grows as it goes"  
         
New Mexico History Timeline

New Mexico Timeline
Origin of the State name - Named after "Nuevo Mexico," the Spanish name for the upper Rio Grande. History Timelines of the United States of America provide fast facts and information about famous events in history, such as those detailed in the New Mexico History Timeline, precipitated a significant change in American State history. This historical timeline is suitable for students of all ages, children and kids. This major historical event of America is arranged in the New Mexico History Timeline by chronological, or date order, providing an actual sequence of this past event which was of significance to American State history. Many historical State events, such as detailed in the New Mexico History Timeline, occurred during times of crisis, evolution or change in the USA. Many of the famous American events as detailed in the New Mexico History Timeline of this State and describe famous, critical and major incidents in the history of the United States of America. The specific period in state history detailed in the New Mexico History Timeline led to great changes in the development of America. The New Mexico timeline provides fast information via the State timeline which highlights the key dates and major historical significance in a fast information format. Specific information can be seen at a glance with concise and accurate details of historical State events. The chronologies of famous people, places and events, including the Explorers, Pioneers, Native Indians, Settlers and Leaders in this famous American State are detailed in the New Mexico History Timeline.

New Mexico History Timeline

  • Interesting Information via the New Mexico State History Timeline - Chronology of this American state at a glance
  • Chronology of Key Names, Key Dates, Key People and Key Events of this American State in the New Mexico History Timeline
  • Useful database via the New Mexico History Timeline containing interesting chronology of facts & information about the USA
  • Chronologies of state key dates, facts and info
  • Fast and accurate details via American state history timelines and chronologies
  • Famous Explorers, Pioneers, Native Indians, Settlers and Leaders of this American state via the comprehensive New Mexico History Timeline
 

New Mexico History Timeline for Students, Children & Kids

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