California History Timeline

California History Timeline

The California History Timeline Overview
The Pony Express carries mail from Missouri to California
Statehood: California was admitted to the Union on September 9, 1850
Constitution - 31st State to be admitted to the Union
State Motto: "I have found it."

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Origin of the name of the State: The name is believed to have been derived from a book called 'Las Sergas de Esplandian' by Garcia Ordonez de Montalvo which was written in 1510. The book centres around a mythical Spanish island ruled by a queen called 'Califia' - hence the name California

    1535 California was first explored by the Spanish. in 1535 Hernando Cortes lead an expedition to La Paz and opened a small colony.  
         
    1539 Francisco de Ulloa explores the gulf of California  
         
    1542 The Portuguese explorer, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, explores California  
         
    1545 The Europeans bring typhus to California and the epidemic kills hundreds of thousands of natives  
         
    1579 The great British sailor, Sir Francis Drake, lands north of San Francisco Bay and claims the territory for England but the land is taken by the Spanish  
         
    1756 1756 - 1763: The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.  
         
    1769 Father Junipero Serra founds San Diego De Alcala, the first of 21 missions established by Franciscan priests in California  
         
    1775 1775 - 1783: The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washington led the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence  
         
    1776 July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence  
         
    1778 July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces  
         
    1783 September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain  
         
    1812 1812: Russian fur traders establish Fort Ross  
         
    1812 1812 - 1815 - The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence  
         
    1820 Mexico wins its independence from Spain and becomes California's new ruler. US Trappers, including Jedediah Strong Smith, start trading in the state  
         
    1846 The United States invades Mexico from the east starting the Mexican-American War won by the US on July 9, 1846  
         
    1848 James Marshall discovered gold at Sutter's sawmill in Coloma which starts the Gold Rush  
         
    1850 Statehood - The Date that California was admitted to the Union - September 9, 1850. Constitution - California was the 31st State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - Eureka - motto translated as " I have found it "  
         
    1860 The Pony Express starts carrying mail from Missouri to California  
         
    1861 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War. In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.  
         
    1865 The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy  
         
    1865 1865 December 6: The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery  
         
    1898 1898 - 1901: The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines  
         
California History Timeline

California Timeline
Origin of the name of the State - The name is believed to have been derived from a book called 'Las Sergas de Esplandian' by Garcia Ordonez de Montalvo which was written in 1510. The book centres around a mythical Spanish island ruled by a queen called 'Califia' - hence the name California.

History Timelines of the United States of America provide fast facts and information about famous events in history, such as those detailed in the California History Timeline, precipitated a significant change in American State history. This historical timeline is suitable for students of all ages, children and kids. This major historical event of America is arranged in the California History Timeline by chronological, or date order, providing an actual sequence of this past event which was of significance to American State history. Many historical State events, such as detailed in the California History Timeline, occurred during times of crisis, evolution or change in the USA. Many of the famous American events as detailed in the California History Timeline of this State and describe famous, critical and major incidents in the history of the United States of America. The specific period in state history detailed in the California History Timeline led to great changes in the development of America. The California timeline provides fast information via the State timeline which highlights the key dates and major historical significance in a fast information format. Specific information can be seen at a glance with concise and accurate details of historical State events. The chronologies of famous people, places and events, including the Explorers, Pioneers, Native Indians, Settlers and Leaders in this famous American State are detailed in the California History Timeline.

California History Timeline

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